History 348: Week 2 notes
History 348: Week 2 notes History 348
Popular in United States History 1917-1945
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah McNealy on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 348 at Colorado State University taught by Dr. Scheflin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see United States History 1917-1945 in History at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Week 3 Neiberg, Blinking Eyes Began to Open: Legacies from America’s Road to the Great War, 1914-1917 August 19, 1914, “neutral in fact, as well as in name” –Woodrow Wilson on the war in Europe Pre 1914, American people respected German culture but hated the militaristic ways of the Hohenzollern dynasty Unification with Prussians viewed as the gateway for the need for world power Political/Military crisis just before the war o German Army backed up a 19 year old Prussian lieutenant after he made horrifying remarks about locals “The Zabern Affair” Americans hoped that the Zabern incident would lead Germany to a representative government The incident set the tone for American’s attitudes towards the German people during the war o Victims of their government Stories about German atrocities in Belgium brought sympathy and cynicism Americans were pro-allied biased from the start of the war America’s neutrality was mainly to facilitate trade with both sides o America depended on the British empire to carry out international trade The sinking of the Lusitania o Americans are outraged o Many called for war o Definitely made Americans angrier at the Germans o American interests were being threatened o Wilson and the secretary of war Lindley Garrison pushed plans for expanding the military o “Plattsburg Camps” citizens educating young men (basically military training not from the government) o Many pushed to increase the national guard instead, as to not give the federal government so much control o 1916 National Defense Act: kept power central to the national guard Increase in size and funds o Both the secretary and assistant secretary of war resigned when Wilson supported the NDA instead of their plan to increase the continental army Replacement secretary pushed that peace had to be backed by force, and that was how to keep America out of the war Growing uncertainty in Mexico o Rumors of support from Germany and Japan of Mexico Growing power of Japan added to the frenzy Because of the small military, the US took other steps to defend the nation, like buying property In October 1916 Wilson believed the US was about to have to step in March 1916, British ship sinks the Sussex o 80 Americans onboard, 4 had injuries o War became “necessary to protect American rights” The war catalyzed the process of assimilation Rumors in early 1917 began circling the Germans were going to resume unrestricted submarine warfare o Unease in Washington Congress takes up a debate on a bill to arm merchant ships (which the German gov’t had said they would consider an act of war) The Zimmermann telegram (March 1) fed the fear of a German Mexican Japanese alliance aimed at the US Three important legacies emerge form evens for American foreign policy o The birth of the definitely American concept of declaring war on other countries governments, not people o Talking about preparedness got many Americans to become involved in foreign policy in ways they hadn’t previously o For a time, Catholic, Jewish, and Protestant Americans’ interests overlapped “tri-faith America”, whose views held until the 1960s SUMMARY How did America go from being pacifist to engaged in war? The answer is that America went to war to stop war, because it found that it was necessary to fight for certain things in this world, and those things were being threatened by The Great War.
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