Psyc Week Two Lecture Notes
Psyc Week Two Lecture Notes Psyc 2070
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This 19 page Class Notes was uploaded by Khaila Coissiere on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2070 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Elizabeth Carney Jeffress Thorsteinson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
RESEARCH & THEORY th January 20 2016 Psychoanalytic Theory • Sigmund Freud • 1856-1939 • Austrian Neurologist • Founder of psychoanalytic theory • Instincts & Drives "the energy, regarded as a quantitative magnitude ... of those instincts which • Libido have to do with all that may be • Thanatos comprised under the word 'love'." Psychoanalytic Theory • Components of personality • Id • Pleasure center/Instinctual drives • Ego • Realism • Superego • Social/parental views Stage Age Range Erogenous zone Consequence Oral Birth-1 year Mouth Orally aggressive: chewing Psychoanalytic Theory gum and the ends of pencils, etc. Orally Passive: smoking, eating, kissing, oral sexual • Psychosexual development practices. Oral stage fixation might result in a passive, • Oral gullible, immature, manipulative person • Anal ality. • Phallic Anal 1-3 years Bowel and bladder elimination Anal Retentive: Obsessively • Latency organized, or excessively neat Anal Expulsive: reckless, • Genital careless, defiant, disorganized, coprophiliac Phallic 3-6 Years Genitalia Oedipus and Electra complexes Latency 6-Puberty Dormant Sexual Feelings Sexual unfulfillment if fixation occurs in this stage. Genital Puberty-death Sexual interests mature Frigidity, impotence, unsatisfactory relationships Psychoanalytic Theory •Psychosexual development •Criticisms? •Methodological Concerns? Advertising •“Think of her as your mother. She only wants what’s best for you. A cool drink. A good dinner. A soft pillow and a warm blanket…” Behavioral Theory • BF Skinner • Operant Conditioning • Instrumental/operant conditioning: behavior followed by reinforcement or punishment • Ivan Pavlov • Classical Conditioning • pairing two stimuli to form an association • CS --> UCS --> UCR • After several pairings, response elicited by CS without the UCS • CS --> CR Behavioral Theory •Behavior Modification •Aversion Therapy Social Learning Theory •Albert Bandura • 1925- • Developed social learning theory •Developed from Behaviorism •Social Context •Modeling & Imitation Cognitive Theory • Differ in HOW we process information • Personality/behavior = how we perceive and conceptualize world • Brain = biggest sexual organ Humanistic Theory • Striving for self-actualization • Unconditional positive regard • Kids suppress/ignore parts that parents don`t accept • Drive = things that make us feel good about ourselves Biological Theory • Biological, not Psychological or Social • Endocrinology • Genetics • Physiological Responses Evolutionary Theory • Species over time • Maximizing one’s chances of passing on their genes • Mate Choice/Sexual Selection Sociological Theory • How society influences sexual behavior • Mangaia of South Pacific vs. Inis Beag of Ireland Dani Tribe In Baliem Valley Indonesia • Lots of social forces help determine what is lrightz and lwrongz • etc.ly, religion, economy, medicine, law, TV, music, Feminist Theory • Society influences understanding of sexuality • White, male, heterosexual power structure • Based on male power over females (patriarchy) • Keeps females submissive • Rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment, pornography, prostitution… • lRealz sex = penis in vagina Queer Theory • Interested in spectrum of gender, sex, sexuality • Abandon categories • Culturally constructed & limiting • Interested in complete overhaul of understanding Research Methods • Case Studies- “Little Hans” & “Anna O.” • Interviews • Questionnaires & Surveys • Direct Observation • Participant Observation • Experimental Methods • Correlational Methods • Internet-based Research Methods
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