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Art History 420, Week 2 of Notes

by: Sarah Joyce

Art History 420, Week 2 of Notes 20663

Marketplace > Radford University > Art > 20663 > Art History 420 Week 2 of Notes
Sarah Joyce
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About this Document

This continues from what we have learned in week one and goes into Russian posters.
ART 420: Twentieth Century Art
Dr. Barris
Class Notes
Twentieth Century Contemporary Art History Posters
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Joyce on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 20663 at Radford University taught by Dr. Barris in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see ART 420: Twentieth Century Art in Art at Radford University.


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Date Created: 02/02/16
11/26/ 17 Animals in Landscape by Franz Marc, 1914 (Oil on Canvas 44 x 40”) - Break down into different colors and movement - Fragmentation - Showing the chaos in the environment - Bright colors > influence of Fauvism o Possible there might be Cubist influence? - Showing emotion prevalent the time - Compared to Mauzan’s “Do your Complete Duty!” poster it is dynamic o Mauzan’s poster has some influence form this Back to ‘Be careful what you say’… - Posters can be updated using concepts and things from the present. Metonymy- the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant Modified Photographs- picking out details of a photograph and zooming in - Strategy to get the attention of the viewer Reuse of controversial images- goes hand in hand with modified photographs. Stereotyping- Repeated action that we associate with a group of individuals. Defacing of recognizable symbols- taking something that people recognize and changing an aspect of it. (ex. The Personality Poster’s Uncle Sam) David Bragin, 1972 - Eye catching - Lines depict a U-bomb - In the bottom, the figure is a stereotype of an Indo-Chinese peasant. - Peasant is being crushed by the U-bomb (can say that the culture is being killed along with the peasant) - “No more aid for Theu” Ben Shahn, 1942 - Stop the War Coalition - This is Nazi Brutality o These two are about WWII o The text and the hood over the face are important aspects in these posters o Can make a connection with the hooded man and prisoners about to face death row o This is Nazi Brutality could have more a personal connection through text o Use of controversial images Stop the Killing of Children - Repetition of text in different languages - Child-like drawing of a child - Use of red is important No blood for Oi - Peace sign overlay with child with amputated leg UK, 1914, designer unknown (Dunlop cycle tyres) - Soldier left with his two tyres smiling - Poster support war and the product - Shows how durable the product is *Combination of sachplakat (object poster) and typographic posters -Juilus Klinger, 1918) *Typographic Poster -Lucien Bernard, 1918 -German Both are asking for money - In Bernhard’s, the text placement makes the overall shape of a weapon C.R.W. Nevinson, 1918 - Now Back the Bayonets with your war savings certificates - Strong color (yellow and bold reds) - Appeal people into buying war bonds - Australian - Dynamic diagonals Historical Influences on the Russian Poster: Russian Primitivism: Lubok religious icon painting Satirical journals th 19 century advertising -Big influence to posters - lubok is perculiar term; no true definition th Tale of the Merciless Man, mid-19 century - Combination of picture and text - Popular for the entertainment, political meaning (to not get censored), the picture tells the story. - They reach a lot of the people - A very organized piece (lubok) th Give me the bucket, woodcut, 18 century The Mice Bury a Cat - About Peter the Great (Czar) - The Cat (Peter) lead by 8 mice (horses) - Mice represent the territories he had - Mice with the pipe represent the Tabaco that was permitted during Peter’s term as Czar - Political piece o Got passed censorship because the government took interest - Lubok influenced artist ( and poster makers) as means of establishing Russian or culture identity Mikhail Larionov: The Officer’s Haircut, 1908-09 The Barber cuts the beard of the Old Believer (lubok from the 1770s) - The interest in the lubok were not only limited to poster and avant garde artists. ( The avant garde from Russia and not France) o They were interested in the lubok during this time because Russian was in war (revolutionary war) o They took interest in it because it was folk art was art for the people “Neo Primitive” -Larionov collected Lubki and children’s art because they were interested in primitive art and they were not corrupted nd Larinov’s The Soldiers (2 version), 1909 - Simplified bodies - No use of perspective - Primitive use of space (things up top are smaller) - The bright red ground flattens the composition - Lyrics come from the musicians - Other two men are soldiers playing cards Larionov’s Autumn, 1912 - From a series of calendar pages - Female nude with no detail, white complextion - Bird with special meaning Russian folklore - Poem at the bottom - Two figure’s picking from a tree Larionov’s Winter, 1912 - From the same series - Female nude that’s white (simplified image) - No grass-reddish brown (iconic religious meaning?) - No leaves on the tree as seen in his Autumn piece - Cat, bird, dog, houses - Poem about the winter at the bottom He dabbled in “Neo Primitism” and Lubki (the plural of Lubok is lubki) K. Malevich: What a Boom! What a Blast There was from the Germans at Lomza! (contemporary lubok), 1915 - lubok dealing with contemporary issue. - Russian farmer with farm tool killing German soldiers dressed in yellow -not really - Make war a common subject; yet, war is not realistic in this - “humorous war”- people might not want to see bleeding and dying soldiers as they walk by. - looks similar to children’s art work or books Mowers (a.k.a. Making Hay) - Figure is out of proportion - Not as simplified as Larionov’s calendar pages - Red ground> red clay? > certainly catches attention > maybe just an earthly color that they have - Russian icon influence - Neo Primitism and Avant Garde - Aesthetic Icon of the Old Testament, Trinity Prefiguring the Incarnation by Andrei Rubliev, ca. 1410-20 - Use of bright colors (tradition of icon paintings - Color’s for religious reasons - Some depth - Interested in surface texture St. George (Trotsky) by Victor Deni, 1920 - Not religious - Satirical journals (journals were frequently banned) - Replaced the face of St. George with Trotsky (well-known figure) - Dragon/ Snake is being slayed by Trotsky o Possible symbol of capitalism o Creature is symbolizes counter revolution - Disfiguration of a well-known figure with another Satirical Cartoon (anonymous cartoon) This theme is used a great abundance in cartoons - Poor working class is supporting the structure of higher classes such as middle/higher class, soldiers, religious icons, political icons, figure head/king/queen - This was a common theme - Social poster - Workers are holding up the country Kochergin, Kapital I Ko. 1920, colored lithograph - Pyramid is made into a head shape - Overly obese man is on top of the pyramid with a royal cape and people underneath, supporting him.


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