Chapter 1- Childhood and Delinquency
Chapter 1- Childhood and Delinquency Soc 4511
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jocelyn Rossell on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 4511 at Ohio State University taught by Dana Haynie in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Juvenile Delinquency in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
Chapter 1 Childhood and Delinquency Class Activity Case Scenarios 6 year old girl in Florida gets into a fight with her 7yearold friend. 6 year old gets a boy to hold older girls arms back while she hits her repeatedly with a wooden plank making her bleed. What should happen to the 6yearold? o Handled by parents or handled by court (juvenile or adult)? o Treatment center or time in a detention center? 6 yearold boy in California was charged with savagely beating a monthold baby. He was accused of kicking, punching, and beating the sleeping baby with a stick, possibly causing brain damage. Boy was said to have done this to seek revenge against the family. How should the 6year old boy be handled? o Handled by parents or handled by court (juvenile or adult)? o Treatment center or time in a detention center? o Attorney wanted child to be sentenced as adult, but did treatment Husband and two children parked outside a market while wife is inside convenient store. Car’s headlights are shining on a drug market and a young member comes up and asks for the lights to be turned off. When husband says no child feels disrespected and fired two shots into the car, killing the husband in front of his two children. Young boy exclaims, “this is still New Jack Territory” in reference to a movie about violent drug gangs. o Handled by parents or handled by court (juvenile or adult)? o This was a murder, with intent, no remorse o Most said handle the boy as an adult with possible sentencing in adult prison Important information in viewing cases o Age young child or adolescent? 12 and younger is usually child homicide/murder almost always treated as adult development of brain suggests lack of control and consequences in younger people o Intentions intended harm? Understand consequences? o Responsibility do they realize actions? Pressure from groups? o Harm inflicted? o Potential for rehabilitation?treatment verse detention centers o Others Family circumstances, education, environmental factors ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Background on Adolescence Minors make up more than 25% of U.S. population Adolescence today much different than it was even 40 years ago o Technology, puberty age, role of parents, media exposure, inequality changes, pressures One of the most difficult stages of the life course o Changes and transitional time Puberty, new schools, desire for autonomy, media pressure, peer pressure, school pressure, sex/relationships School, family, friends, work, sports, homework, lack of sleep & love life, college, appearance & extra circulars ▯ Adolescent Dilemma Teenage years are a time of conflict with authority and a desire for autonomy Erikson struggle between two things o Ego Identity Formed when youths develop a firm sense of who they are and what they stand for o Role Diffusion Occurs when youths experience uncertainty of identity ▯ Adolescent as a Life Course Most risky period All are at heightened risks of some problems o Sexual issues, drugs, accidents, homicides, STDS, car accidents o About 75% of teen deaths due to preventable causes Top 3 causes of death in U.S 1519 year olds o Accidents (49%), homicide (15%), suicide (12%) o Cancer (5%) and Heart Disease (3%) About 25% of youth population are at elevated risk of poor outcomes o Environmental factors home issues, neighborhood, schooling o At risk youth kids most vulnerable to the negative consequences of school failure, substance abuse, early sexuality. Higher chance of getting caught in justice system ▯ Top Issues of Adolescents Poverty (1 in 7 youths) o Less than 25k for a family of 4 o 13% in extreme poverty, less than 11k Health Problems o Link between poverty and health o Only 35% meet current physical activity standards (1 hr/day) o About 10% have no health insurance Family Problems o ½ new marriages end in divorce o Affected by cohabiting, step parents and half siblings Living Conditions o Substandard housing o Group homes, homeless, old buildings with poor exposure Education o More than 10% minority youth do not graduate high school th o About 60% of 4 graders are not at reading grade level ▯ ▯ Reasons for Hope what has improved? Teenage birthrates have declined More vaccinations for disease, better prenatal care More students going to college Lower use of hard drugs Lower levels of smoking ▯ ▯ TedTalk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWUkW4s3XxY ▯ ▯ Study of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency o Participation in illegal behavior by a minor who falls under a statutory age limit. Typically 17 or younger On avg, 1.7 millions youths arrested each year Chronic Juvenile Offenders o Have been arrested four or more times Chronic 6% ▯ Juvenile Justice System Segment of the justice system that includes law enforcement officers, the courts, correctional agencies Goal is to treat and rehabilitate juvenile offenders Took a long time to create this system because… o Children not viewed as distinct social group o Middle ages were treated as mini adults Had adult roles as providers, limited parent contact Paternalistic family structure Changes to System o 17 and 18 centuries recognized children’s rights Changes in family structure more nuclear Development of poor laws Place poor/neglected children as servants Apprenticeship movement boys placed in households where they could learn skilled trade Chancery courts In America…. o Came as servants, apprentices, agricultural citizens o Children worked in factorieslong hours, dangerous o Factory Act Limited hours allowed to work and age when could start 12 hours a day, 1847all could do 10 o Stubborn Child Law Required children to obey parents 1641, Massachusetts Punishment by deaths for sons in disobeying Operated under parents patria philosophy o State acts in best interests of child o Courts had power to intervene Early Reformatory Schools for Juveniles o San Francisco Industrial School ▯ Concept of Delinquency th Mid 19 Century, Child Savers o Developed programs for troubled youth and influenced legislation creating juvenile justice system Delinquents viewed as victims of improper home care Illegal behavior a sign that the sate should step in Legal implications of a delinquent verse a criminal o Treated differently than adults o Minor o Can be expunged from record o Treatment, not punishment o Limited responsibility for committing crimes
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