History 121 Week 2 notes
History 121 Week 2 notes HY 121
Popular in The United States Since 1877
Popular in History
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mossah Aljalal on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 121 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Kaye Nail in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see The United States Since 1877 in History at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Reviews for History 121 Week 2 notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/02/16
Ch 16 cont Tuesday, February 2, 2016 10:15 AM - The Immigrant Work Force § New sources of labor - migration - rural America into urban workforce § Immigration -from Europe, Irish and Germans and then later Southern and Eastern Europe. § Heightened Ethnic Tensions. § Immigrants came in through Angel Island in San Francisco and Ellis in NYC - Wages and Working Conditions § Loss of Control § Dangerous - Women and Children at work § Poorly paid women § Ineffective child labor laws - Led to the struggle to unionize § National Labor Union § Molly Maguires - militant labor organization in the coal mine of Pennsylvania. - The Great Railroad Strike § National Strike - over 100 died in the 1st major labor conflict - showed how deep conflict existed between workers and employers (and the government) - The Knights of Labor § 1st major effort to create one big labor union □ Loose knit, little direction, split within - The AFL (American Federation of Laborers-) rival of the Knights of Labor became important led by Samuel Gompers § Opposition to female employment § Association of craft unions § Haymarket Square- strike turned deadly - The Pullman Strike § Leader Eugene Debs § Transportation from Chicago to the Pacific coast paralyzed § Collapsed when Federal troops protected new workers after union leaders were jailed § Led to attention over Pullman's town. § Transportation from Chicago to the Pacific coast paralyzed § Collapsed when Federal troops protected new workers after union leaders were jailed § Led to attention over Pullman's town. Ch 17 Tuesday, January 19, 2016 11:32 AM New Public Issues - Series of US Presidents with little power - Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) -Made it illegal to form a monopoly (trust) ○ A start but did little to deter corporate power - Nativism - opposition to immigration, prejudice toward foreigners - Immigration Restriction League - formed to stop immigration ○ Screening for people with disease, convicted criminal, poor people, mentally incompetent and illiterates. ○ Still the government supported cheap labor. - The Agrarian Revolt & the Populist ○ National Grange of the Patron of Husbandry § Emerged after Civil War to bring farmers together to learn new farming techniques & technologies § Political agenda - curb monopolies like railroads ○ The Farmers' Alliances- Succeeded the Grangers, more cohesive, largest citizen movement ○ People's Party (Populist) - evolution of Farmers' Alliance § Believed the Fed government needed to regulate technology ○ Coxey's Army § During Panic of 1893, "Coxey's Army" was a populist march on Washington - Silver and Gold President Cleveland - reason for the depression was the "money ○ question" ○ William Jennings Bryan "cross of gold speech 1896" ○ Populists wanted both silver and gold, called bimetallism ○ Gold standard supporters thought gold led to stability ○ "Free silver" was a symbol of liberation - Stirrings of Imperialism ○ Look to canal in Central America, possession of Hawaii and other Pacific Islands ○ Increasing importance of trade - making billions in exports ○ Intellectual justifications for Imperialism - Social Darwinism "These is no human right to the status of barbarianism" ○ Look to canal in Central America, possession of Hawaii and other Pacific Islands ○ Increasing importance of trade - making billions in exports ○ Intellectual justifications for Imperialism - Social Darwinism "These is no human right to the status of barbarianism" ○ Alfred Mahan - historian, naval Admiral, wrote about the effect of sea power in history. - Spanish - American War (also called "A Splendid Little War") ○ Controversy over Cuba ○ Cuban Revolt 1895 -sensationalized in media (Yellow Journalism) ○ The Maine -ship that blew up in Havana Harbor (probably an accident) but became rally cry for war. ○ "Remember the Maine!" news headlines and saying to get the US to fight Spain ○ The Rough Riders ○ San Juan Hill ○ 460 Americans died in battle, but 5200 died of disease ○ Seized the Philippines ○ War with Philippines - lasted 5 years, ○ Protested by Anti-Imperialist League End of the War ○ § Spain ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the US § Platt Amendment 1901 § Leads to US involvement in Cuba
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'