PSY 205 Week 1 Notes
PSY 205 Week 1 Notes PSY 205 - M024
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Niki Neidhart on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 205 - M024 at Syracuse University taught by Dr. Tibor Palfai in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
PSY 205 Definition: Psyche – soul, mind, behavior Logos – study, composition - Scientific study of living organisms Plato: Idealism (reality is in the mind) Aristotle: empiricism (nihil in intellectu quod prius non fuerit in sensu – nothing is known unless experienced through senses) *Aristotle objected plato The mind-body problem: -Psychophysics - Wilhelm Wundt (1832 – 1920) “Father” of psychology 1879 Leipzig Germany; convinced them to create study/course of psych goal of psychology technique (introspection – looking within yourself) 1. Structuralism - Edward B. Titchener (1867 – 1927) Mental chemistry Content of mind o Thoughts and sensations 2. Functionalism - Mind isn’t static - William James (1842 – 1927) Goal of psychology The function of the mind (ex. Memory, learning) 3. Associationists - Edward L. Thorndike (1874 – 1949) Puzzle box Law of effect - Ivan P. Pavlov (1849 – 1936) Classical conditioning 4. Behaviorism - John B. Watson (1878 – 1958) The mind is not an organ We can’t see the mind, why study it? Study what we can see; observable behavior - Gestalt Psychology Max Wertheimer (1880 – 1943) The motion picture The phi-phenomenon 5. Psychoanalysis - Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) The Psychoanalytic School Subconscious Dream analysis Psychology as a Profession Researchable Vocabulary: - Clinical - Experiment - Experimental - Political - Independent variable (IV) [x- - Forensic axis] - Developmental - Dependent variable (DV) [y- axis] - Counseling - Positive correlation - School/education - Experimental group vs. control - Social - Health group - Engineering - Random assignment - Psychometrics - Non-experimental methods: o Naturalistic Observations - other o Case study o Surveys - Standard deviation
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