Psych 202 Chapter 1: What is Psychology
Psych 202 Chapter 1: What is Psychology PSY 202
Popular in General Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa Statner on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 202 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Rujin, Dr. Laver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 142 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
Reviews for Psych 202 Chapter 1: What is Psychology
Great notes!!! Thanks so much for doing this...
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/02/16
Chapter 1: What is Psychology? I. Brief History (founded to be scientific) A. Research tradition 1. The Beginning (of psychology) 1879 a. First psych lab- Wilhelm Wundt ◦ at this time it was a hybrid of philosophy and physiology b. “scientific study of consciousness” and introspection—methods used early on ◦ 90-91% of women live longer ◦ trained people to introspect: reflect upon their own thinking ◦ introspection is subjective 2. The Middle a. 1913- a paper called Behaviorist Manifesto- Watson must test, observe, and measure in order to be science ◦ not possible with consciousness; w/behavior b. became known as the “science of behavior" 3. The Present: “The Discipline Concerned with Behavior and Mental Processes" B. Tradition of Limited Perspectives : Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic: we act the way we do because of early childhood experiences Behavioral/Learning: we act the way we do because of what we’ve learned Biological: we act the way we do because of something biological/chemical/genetic inside of us Humanistic/Sociocultural: we act the way we do to get respect from other people, “status,” “admiration" Cognitive: we act the way we do because of the way we think ◦ these explanations are limited due to the lack of diversity (minorities, women) 1. Emotions: not much discussed about emotions because of male perspective ◦ all our theories tend to be competitive 2. Individualism/Competition vs. cooperation 3. Hierarchies and sequences II. Research: A Typical Experiment • assumption of an experiment is that everything is identical except for one thing A. Relationships or correlations 1. Not necessarily cause-and-effect 2. Positive and negative relationships B. 6 Methods— only experiment is cause and effect C. Basic Idea: identical conditions except for ONE thing D. Terms 1. hypothesis 2. independent: variable that is changed, and dependent: variable that changes in response to independent 3. Experimental and control conditions 4. Random Assignment 5. Correlation: shows strength of relationship between two variables, not causal relationship ◦ 3 types: 1. positive correlation (1), positive slope 2. negative correlation (-1), negative slope 3. zero correlation (0) E. The Experiment: Gender and Ethnic Differences
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'