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Psyc 10

by: Kate Notetaker

Psyc 10 PSYCH 100

Kate Notetaker
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

Left and Right Brain Differences
Introduction to psychological science
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to psychological science

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kate Notetaker on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 100 at Ball State University taught by Biner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 114 views. For similar materials see Introduction to psychological science in Psychlogy at Ball State University.

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Date Created: 02/02/16
2-­‐2-­‐16         Left  and  Right  Brain  Differences     Right  Hemispheric  damage  is  associated  with:     1. Left  neglect  syndrome     2. Eye-­‐hand  coordination  problems   3. Difficulty  in  dressing  (buttons)   4. Impaired  sense  of  direction     5. Altered  humor     6. Left-­‐side  weakness  or  paralysis         Ch.  5  Developmental  Psychology     • Developmental  Psychology  is  concerned  with  the  study  of  physical,  mental,   and  social  changes  that  occur  throughout  the  cycle  of  life.     • Most  research  has  centered  on  the  development  of  children     • Three  major  focuses:     1. What  factors  affect  a  child’s  emotional  development?     2. What  factors  affect  a  child’s  cognitive  or  intellectual  development?     3. What  factors  affect  a  child’s  social  development?     1. Emotional  Development     • Look  at  research  today  demonstrating  how  touch  and  cuddling  affect  the   emotional  development  of  children.     • Series  of  very  early  studies  conducted  by  Dr.  Harry  Harlow  of  the   University  of  Wisconsin  (using  Rhesus  monkeys)     • Harlow’s  studies  show  that  our  social  environment  is  very  critical  to  our   eventual  ability  to  attach  to  others  later  in  life   • In  other  words,  touch  deprivation  can  be  extremely  harmful!     • The  idea  is  that  we  need  caring  adults  to  develop  emotional  stability   • It  builds  our  sense  of  security  and  independence     • So,  good  parenting  is  far  more  than  feeding,  changing,  and  protection   • It  must  include  touching,  cuddling,  and  caressing!     o Note:  these  behaviors  are  very  natural  tendencies  for  adults     • Importantly,  Harlow’s  early  research  has  led  directly  to  the  recent   practice  of  holding  babies  in  hospital  ICU’s     • In  hospitals  today,  babies  are  cuddled  20-­‐30  minutes  every  6  hours.     • Child  psychologist  Tiffany  Field  has  shown  that:     o Premature  infants  massaged  15  minutes  three  times  a  day  gained   weight  47%  faster  than  preemies  not  touched     • In  addition,  massaged  infants  were:   o More  alert  and  interactive  when  awake   o Slept  deeper  and  longer  when  asleep     2. Cognitive  or  Intellectual  Development     • Jean  Piaget’s  Stages  of  Cognitive  Development     o Proposed  that  cognitive  development  in  children  occurs  through  a   series  of  stages     o Stages:     § Sensorimotor   • experiencing  the  world  through  senses  and  actions     • Milestone:  object  permanence,  stranger  anxiety   § Preoperational   • representing  things  with  words  and  images  but   lacking  logical  reasoning   • Milestone:  pretend  play,  egocentrism,  language   development   § Concrete  Operational   • Thinking  logically  about  concrete  events;  grasping   concrete  analogies  and  performing  arithmetical   operations     • Milestone:  conversation,  mathematical   transformations   § Formal  Operational   • Abstract  logic     o At  about  age  2  (in  the  Sensorimotor  Stage),  children  learn  that   when  an  object  is  covered,  it  still  remains  in  existence     § Called:  Object  Permanence   § Before  that,  when  an  object  is  covered,  it  doesn’t  exist  to   the  child…IT  GOES  AWAY!   § This  is  why  peek-­‐a-­‐boo  is  so  much  fun  for  kids  under  2   § During  the  concrete  operational  stage:     • Principle  of  conversation  is  when  kids  are  more   likely  to  pick  the  taller  object  because  it  seems  like   there  is  more  to  them  (even  if  it  is  equal)   • Ask  child  “Which  glass  has  more  water  in  it,   container  A  or  C?”  (C  is  taller)     • Before  learning  principle?     o Child  will  always  pick  container  C     • After  learning  principle?     o Child  will  say  neither        


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