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History 206, Week 1 Notes

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by: Taylor Lorenz

History 206, Week 1 Notes HST 206

Marketplace > Grand Valley State University > History > HST 206 > History 206 Week 1 Notes
Taylor Lorenz

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These are the notes from the first class of GVSU HST 206
American History Since 1877
Gillian Hendershot
Class Notes
history, American History since 1877
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"Can you just teach this course please? lol :)"
Haley Pouros

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Lorenz on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 206 at Grand Valley State University taught by Gillian Hendershot in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see American History Since 1877 in History at Grand Valley State University.


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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)

-Haley Pouros


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Date Created: 02/02/16
History 206 1/12/2016 Chapter 17 & 18 quiz next week “American Promise” First draft of paper due March 15 Lecture 1 Why we study from 1877 Reason #1: Watershed moment – 1877 Reason #2: Civil war ended in 1865 and the reconstruction started 1877 the reconstruction ended Reconstruction was where federal troops were sent down south to make sure blacks were treated the same as whites (13 amendment). Many black officials bloomed during this period. 1877 – pulled the troops and Jim Crow laws were put into place. Jim Crow Laws – segregation in schools, busses, public areas 1877 – The Compromise of 1877 Presidential election where the democrats voted for the republican candidate because that candidate was going to pull the trop out of the south **Side Note** Democrats wanted federal power Republicans wanted state power **Side Note** 2 main political parties Federalists – Led by Hamilton, changed name to WHIG, north, pro-Lincoln, No slavery, urbanization, Republican Party Anti-Federalists – Led by Thomas Jefferson, Democratic-Republican Party (Jackson), then Democrats, Pro-slavery, south, lots of farmers Legacy of the Civil War Bloodiest war of all time ~ 600,000 killed Union Confederate 2.5 Million All 1.25 Million 110,070 Battle 94,000 250,152 Disease 164,000 285,000 Wounded 194,000 Disease happened because of weather conditions and poor sathtation. End of slavery because the North won which led to the 13 amendment There was domination by the North after the war Federal power increased 63 Million – 1860 1 Billion – 1865 (the government was the largest amount of employers at 53,000 people Use to say the United States in a plural form but after the war started becoming singular. This is important because it was the start of a National Identity not just the states on their own. Sources 1. Primary a. From that time period 2. Secondary a. Historians interpretation of the events _____________________________________________________________________ After the War Considered Americans Non-Americans White Men Catholics Natural-Born Jewish People who lived up to the ideals Vudan Protestants Mormons **The Catholics always had ties to Europe so they would never put America first Women have no fundamental rights, they were equal to children. There was a hierarchy between women though based on who their husbands or fathers were. Political Reconstruction Congress V. President How could the south be brought back in President Lincoln (republican) Put together plans after way quickly Treat south gently and nicely 10%b plan – if 10% of the voting population in a state would A.) Take an oath and B.) Agree to the emancipation of slaves, they could come back into the Union Weaknesses Strengths Not well thought through for long-term purposes Brought the states back together 10% is a small amount Congress said there was no punishment and it was too easy on the South Wade-Davis Bill ½ the state – 51% needs to agree Full rights to blacks (be treated the same as whites) President Johnson – (Democrat) (after Lincoln was assonated) Former slave owner – was taken away by the south because of his ties to the Union Lincoln choose him as VP because then the south would have someone on their side His parents were illiterate and in lots of poverty Bitter towards the rich population (2-3%) Wanted punishment against the rich Were the cause of the war in Johnson’s eyes Congress liked this idea Leniency for the South Secession – illegal Couldn’t break away from the union Confederate debt was forgive Ratify the 13th As long as slaves were free they didn’t need to do anything else. Congress (major legislature body) Dominated by Republicans Congressional Reconstruction Strict rules for the South th th th To be admitted 14 and 15 amendment needs to ratified 14 – defined rights of citizenships (most powerful) Treated equally under the law (blacks and whites) 15 – defined the rights of voting Had to ratify these and then they became part of the union Sacrifice Demanded Change South had to modernize 1865-1877 Troops were stationed until they were pulled Reconstruction from African-American Perspective End of slavery They could leave for the first time Find former family members -Could get married if “okayed” by the slave owners; but not legally Could also take away children from the parents 1742 – Stated that if a child born to a slave it was automatically a slave as well Meaning of Freedom 1. Political a. Right to vote b. Redemption i. Democrats were regaining control ii. Prohibits blacks to vote c. Literacy Test i. Subjective Test 1. Blacks had to answer 68 questions in 20 minutes 2. Had to get 100% 3. Spelling errors 4. Penmanship d. Grandfather Clause st i. January 1 1863 if your grandfather could vote than so could you 2. Economic a. Wanted compensation i. Sharecropping 1. Compromise between land owners and blacks. Blacks would grow cotton for pay and get ½ the economic outcome 2. Corrupt system of an endless system of debt 3. Land owners wouldn’t give the blacks everything they needed so they had to purchase it themselves. If they were in debt then they would be enslaved to the person they were in debt to 3. Social a. Churches brought the social aspect a lot higher b. Mainly Baptists church – spiritual comfort and social functions


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