Understanding Architecture 10001
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Henwood on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10001 at Kent State University taught by David Hughes (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 209 views. For similar materials see UNDERSTANDING ARCHITECTURE in Architecture at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
Commodity, Function, Expression Tuesday, January 26, 2016 2:29 PM Humans build to satisfy 2 needs Function Garage needs to be big enough for a car Chairs need to be big enough to sit in Expression Express yourself Architecture is the unavoidable art Can’t avoid seeing buildings Completely unavoidable Can avoid art you hate, but not architecture Power to effect and condition human behavior Attempt to make someone feel happy or sad Make someone feel in awe Vitruvius Roman architect (BC) Wrote 10 books of architecture Said architecture is 3 things Firmness Cannot fall down, has to be constantly stable No rain through the roof Commodity Function properly Meet the needs of what it is built for Delight Has to be beautiful Not architecture if it doesn’t have beauty Roof types Gable roof Stereotypical roof common Hip roof common Intersecting roof Gambrel roof Looks like a barn roof Mansard roof Butterfly roof Shed roof Flat, slanted, slopes from door to back Common Trusses Lot of smaller pieces trying to do the job of bigger pieces Certain arrangements get a lot of strength from them Support the roof What do we have to worry about? Soil Shifting erosion Snow Heavy, need a more supportive roof Have to have a steeper roof so snow falls off Melting can lead to leaks Rain Has to roll off roof and get away from the house Why buildings have overhangs Wind Tresses help fight wind Lateral- something coming from the side Commodity and Function Circulatory Have to be able to move through the building Not being really choppy Symbolic Churches built in the shape of crosses Firehouses have garage doors large enough for firetrucks Environmental Worry about heat from the sunlight Worry about cold air from wind Psychological Physiological Door has to be big enough to walk through Appeal to the senses, sight being most powerful Making Space Physical Anything we can touch Stage on the auditorium Perceived What we see, eyes can be deceiving Can make things look differently that they really are, bigger than they really are Conceptual Memory of space (minds eye) Nostalgia- in your mind it is something that the physical is not Behavioral Space, how much is comfortable Varies between different cultures Mind Organizes Data Thursday, January 28, 2016 2:06 PM Mind organizes data Proximity o How far away something is from you or another object Simplest o Four dots are a triangle Largest Continuity o Patterns Mind seeks order o Generally want order in our lives Crave information Seeks deviation o Want order and deviation in buildings Proportion o Everything needs to be proportional to each other o The golden ratio- perfect proportion 1 to 1.618 Scale o Proportion on a much higher level Rhythm o Buildings need rhythm Qualities Rough texture o Indicates strength Smooth texture Color o Certain colors are tied to certain emotions o Hospitals are white to represent cleanliness o Warm colors heighten body functions o Cool colors lower body functions Ugly o Know it when you see it o Quality that is confusing Because the brain likes order o It is ambiguous and hard to find meaning in o Has absence of perceivable pattern Vertical lines show aspiration, Moving up, often in churches Golden Ratio Horizontal line means something is at rest
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