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Understanding Architecture

by: Layne Henwood

Understanding Architecture 10001

Marketplace > Kent State University > Architecture > 10001 > Understanding Architecture
Layne Henwood
GPA 3.4
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About this Document

Week 2 notes from Jan. 26 & 28
David Hughes (P)
Class Notes





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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Henwood on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10001 at Kent State University taught by David Hughes (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 209 views. For similar materials see UNDERSTANDING ARCHITECTURE in Architecture at Kent State University.

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Date Created: 02/02/16
Commodity, Function, Expression Tuesday, January 26, 2016 2:29 PM Humans build to satisfy 2 needs  Function  Garage needs to be big enough for a car  Chairs need to be big enough to sit in  Expression  Express yourself Architecture is the unavoidable art  Can’t avoid seeing buildings  Completely unavoidable  Can avoid art you hate, but not architecture Power to effect and condition human behavior  Attempt to make someone feel happy or sad  Make someone feel in awe Vitruvius  Roman architect (BC)  Wrote 10 books of architecture  Said architecture is 3 things  Firmness  Cannot fall down, has to be constantly stable  No rain through the roof  Commodity  Function properly  Meet the needs of what it is built for  Delight  Has to be beautiful  Not architecture if it doesn’t have beauty Roof types  Gable roof  Stereotypical roof  common  Hip roof  common  Intersecting roof  Gambrel roof  Looks like a barn roof  Mansard roof  Butterfly roof  Shed roof  Flat, slanted, slopes from door to back  Common Trusses  Lot of smaller pieces trying to do the job of bigger pieces  Certain arrangements get a lot of strength from them  Support the roof What do we have to worry about?  Soil  Shifting  erosion  Snow  Heavy, need a more supportive roof  Have to have a steeper roof so snow falls off  Melting can lead to leaks  Rain  Has to roll off roof and get away from the house  Why buildings have overhangs  Wind  Tresses help fight wind  Lateral- something coming from the side Commodity and Function  Circulatory  Have to be able to move through the building  Not being really choppy  Symbolic  Churches built in the shape of crosses  Firehouses have garage doors large enough for firetrucks  Environmental  Worry about heat from the sunlight  Worry about cold air from wind  Psychological  Physiological  Door has to be big enough to walk through  Appeal to the senses, sight being most powerful Making Space  Physical  Anything we can touch  Stage on the auditorium  Perceived  What we see, eyes can be deceiving  Can make things look differently that they really are, bigger than they really are  Conceptual  Memory of space (minds eye)  Nostalgia- in your mind it is something that the physical is not  Behavioral  Space, how much is comfortable  Varies between different cultures Mind Organizes Data Thursday, January 28, 2016 2:06 PM Mind organizes data  Proximity o How far away something is from you or another object  Simplest o Four dots are a triangle  Largest  Continuity o Patterns  Mind seeks order o Generally want order in our lives  Crave information  Seeks deviation o Want order and deviation in buildings  Proportion o Everything needs to be proportional to each other o The golden ratio- perfect proportion  1 to 1.618  Scale o Proportion on a much higher level  Rhythm o Buildings need rhythm Qualities  Rough texture o Indicates strength  Smooth texture  Color o Certain colors are tied to certain emotions o Hospitals are white to represent cleanliness o Warm colors heighten body functions o Cool colors lower body functions  Ugly o Know it when you see it o Quality that is confusing  Because the brain likes order o It is ambiguous and hard to find meaning in o Has absence of perceivable pattern     Vertical lines show aspiration,   Moving up, often in churches     Golden Ratio           Horizontal line means something is at rest


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