New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Life span development exam 1 (part 2)

by: Ally Marcello

Life span development exam 1 (part 2) 379

Marketplace > Catholic University of America > Psychlogy > 379 > Life span development exam 1 part 2
Ally Marcello
GPA 3.6
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Life Span Development

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Life Span Development notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes are the second have of the language development.
Life Span Development
Degnan, K.
Class Notes
Life Span Development, Language development in infants, emotions, Ekman




Popular in Life Span Development

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Marcello on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 379 at Catholic University of America taught by Degnan, K. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Life Span Development in Psychlogy at Catholic University of America.


Reviews for Life span development exam 1 (part 2)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/02/16
Individual Variation  ● Morphemes are the mean length of utterance  ● stability across 1­2 years  ● variation in wht they say­ say a lot of nouns and labeling hta they see, while others are  more expressive of how they feel (bot eds up using the same amount of wirds  ● when they first start using word they start to use some language skills  ○ Holophrases – using one word for many purposes; Combining a single word with  gestures to make a complete thought  ○ Used between 12 and 18 months  ○ Induction/Fast Mappin– figuring out what object is being referenced  (mom pointing  to an object) and what other objects belong to the same category‐ not perfect but  very quick to assign it to a category‐ helps them with organization  ○ Whole object assumptio– a new label refers to the whole object, not just one of its’  parts  ■ ex: if they point to the chai and talks about the chair leg, now baby might think  leg is the word for chair  ○ Mutual exclusivi– an object only has one name, and that you can’t call it something  else‐ cant determine the difference between mug and cup (house could call it a cup,  but a new person comes and calls it a mug‐ this confuses baby)  ○ Naming Explosion​ sed between 16 and 24 months  ○   Beginnings of Language  ● Short, simple sentences appear at 18–24 months.  ● Sentences: Syntax rules learned (dog bit vs. bit dog)  ○ though there are many variances in when language develops, most children  catch up  ○ there are some that don’t cach up­ usually a deeper problem  ● Grammar:  ● Skinner – through imitation and reinforcement  ● §​Chomsky – innate syntax and grammar  Baby sign language  ● ¨​oes it promote language developmen​ ¨ ● Does it help parent­infant bonding?  ● ¨Best practices for supporting language development:  ● ¤ Notice non­verbal messages  ○ ¤​abel objects and actions that baby notices  ○ ¤Use gestures and expressions  ○ ¤Don’t use gestures or terms that can be overgeneralized (“more” for more food,  more play time, more hugs, etc) use “more” for food and “again” for playtime  ● temperment is related to emotion­ reflects a stable biologically based difference in  emotions and behavior  ● attachments­ specific lasting social relationships with others (family, care taker)  Emotions  ● communicate through emotions­ they don’t mask them   ● Primary­ first that are expressed, born with them (rooted in biology)  ● Secondary­ emerge later in development and depend on higher cognitive skills­ you  need to have a sense of self  ● Measuring emotion­ how to code facial muscles and actions to determine emotions­  (Ekman)­ coding scheme has 92 facial elements, based on what they do creates a  profile linked to different emotions  ○ According to Ekman, uniformly when someone is angry their face moves a  certain way (12 elements ca go with anger)  ● infant reactivity  ○ Positive reaction  ○ neg reaction  ○ motor behavior (shows how intense)  ● Development of emotional expression­ in general, newborns tend to show a reaction to  the sweet taste, and a mroe negative face to a gross taste, by 1 mo they do social  smiles, by 2 mo they can show sadness, by 2.5 mo they can show genuine joy, by 3­4  month they can show fear, anger, and real laughter.  ● Impact of congnition and emotions  ○ cognition does impact emotion expression  ■  need obect permanence when you pkay peek a boo  ■ you need to be able to distinguish familiar ppl with ufamiliarr  ■ need to know self in order to feel envy and guilt (secondary emotions)  ● Emotional understanding  ○ recognizing and understanding the emotions of others  ○ 2 mo they can show discrimination of different facial expressions  ○ Mirror Neurons­ activated when we observe something that we can do  ○ 8­9 mo that’s when social referencing begins­ shows how baby can understand  the mother’s facial expressions  ■ when the baby falls and you either say you’re okay and they’re okay, or  you ask if they’re okay and they cry.  ● Temperment­ talking about indiv. differences in expression and experience fo emotion  ○ biological  ○ stable over development  ○ A. Thomas and S. Chess­ observed mnay abies and determined 9 dimentions  ■ activity level  ■ how regular their system was  ■ how distracitional  ■ how adaptable to change  ■ approch withdrawl  ■ attention  ■ intensity of reaction  ■ threshold of responsiveness  ● most had 1­3 types of temperment (easy, slow­warm, warm)  ○ easy­ generally positive, emotions are moderate to low,  adaptable, surious (40%)  ○ difficult­ generally neg babies, very intense, slow to adapt,  fussy (10%)  ○ slow to warm up­ initiall negative, but calm, adapt slowly,  withdraw from novelty (  ○   ○  


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.