Week one. Professor joshua Fan.
Week one. Professor joshua Fan. 27551
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Omar Barriga on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 27551 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Joshua Fan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see World History to 1500 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
01/26/16 Mesopotamia Few events in all of history can rival the significance of the rise of the first complex societies (civilization) in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia developed sophisticated political, religious, and social statues that influence their neighbors and have survived the millennia since. GEOGRAPHY QUIZ ON THUESDAY! Rivers provided water for agriculture, water is essential for civilization. The first complex civilization in the world (Mesopotamia) was born in between the land of two rivers. Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Mesopotamia literally means “land between rivers” o Terms Sumerians people from Mesopotamia Citistates. independent cities of each other. Each one with its own government. Ex. Uruk, Ur, Sumer, Babylon… each city also had their own Gods. Cuneiform script Mesopotamian writing. This was one of the earliest forms of writing ever developed. Anthropomorphic human like. Having human characteristics. Gilgamesh was a real Sumerian king, however, most of the “epic of Gilgamesh” is a myth. In Gilgamesh; bread, wine and clothing were signs of a civilized man. Enkidu roamed the prairie like a wild beast. The steps taken to make him a “man” were; to lay with a woman and Eat and drink wine (a heavy sing of humanity because bread and wine aren’t natural, they are manmade). Copper was the first metal used by humans 01/28/16 Egypt the gift of the Nile The Nile River flows up. Which means that Upper Egypt, geographically is southern Egypt. And Lower Egypt is; geographically, Upper Egypt. EX. (see below) The wind in the Nile usually (almost always) goes up, making traveling through it very easy and fast. Egypt was geographically protected by its location. The peoples from Nubia couldn’t attack Egypt using the Nile because of the natural cataracts. West of Egypt, the Sahara desert extends, therefore they were protected by the natural barrier the desert made. Egypt could only be attack through the Sinai Peninsula or at the coast of the Mediterranean Sea Pharaoh menes king of upper Egypt. He united Egypt into one and, started the first dynasty. Pharaoh Khufu the great pyramid was built as a mortuary temple for Khufu. o Facts about the Great pyramid When it was built; it had a metal point at the top. The pyramids were covered in limestone. In its time, the Great pyramid looked white. It was the tallest manmade structure for centuries to come. Invasion of Hyksos The Egyptians were conquered by the Hyksos for a period of time. Although we don’t know a lot of details about “the Hyksos” we do know that they had better weapons and “technology”. Eventually Egyptians were able to drive them out of their land, however, the invasion introduce them to metal weapons. Important people to take a look into Tuthmose III. sixth pharaoh of Egypt and, also stepson of pharaoh Hatshepsut. Tuthmose led 17 invasions out of Egypt. During his final years; he dedicated himself to erase his stepmother “Hatshepsut” memory from Egyptian history. “queen” Hatshepsut one of the most successful pharaohs in history. Stepmother of Tuthmose. She reign for several years until her stepson became the pharaoh. It is important to note, she was a WOMAN. Rosseta stone Stone found in the town of Rosetta by napoleon soldiers. The stone had three languages scripted on it; hieroglyphics (Egyptian writing made of symbols), demotic (different Egyptian writing) and Greek. Based on the discovery of the Rosetta stone, scholars were able to translate Egyptian. Book of the dead It was a funerary text, it was believed it assisted dead people thought their journey in the underworld. It importance was great because “the book of dead” could help average people reach “immortality”. The costume was that Egyptians were buried with the book.
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