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02/02-02/04 ancient china and india

by: Omar Barriga

02/02-02/04 ancient china and india 27551

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > History > 27551 > 02 02 02 04 ancient china and india
Omar Barriga
GPA 3.0
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this notes will cover what we learned about china and the Indus valley civilization :P 5 pages full of content.
World History to 1500
Joshua Fan
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Omar Barriga on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 27551 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Joshua Fan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see World History to 1500 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 02/02/16
Ancient china          02/04/16 2  RP due 02/11/15 China is the oldest continuous civilization! Throughout most of historical period, the  Chinese account for at least a quarter of all humanity, sometimes as high as one third, not to  mention its impact on its Asian neighbors and the world. ­ J.F.   facts o Silk worms were china biggest export. o Norther china is mostly arid. Therefore, rice crops are not possible  to grow there.  o Rice was mostly consume in the southern region of the country.  o The yellow river obtained its name from the “yellow” color of its  water. (water mix with sand)  th o The yellow river it’s the 7  largest in the world. Although the  yellow river is long and powerful, it’s not really useful. It isn’t  deep enough to travel or to practice commerce. Controlling the  river was essential for ancient cultures.  o In contrast to the “yellow” river. The Yangtze river was actually  useful. It could be used for traveling and agriculture. Making it an  important river for the southern populations.  First dynasties  o Xia­ (yu the great) legendary ruler believed to have control the  flooding’s of the yellow river. This story made famous the causes  of “working for the greater good”  o Shang – from this dynasty the oracle bones originated. The oracle  bones were used as instruments to ask specific questions to god.  Usually only the emperors could “ask” the questions. They were  made out of turtle bone and scholars have hundreds of this bones.       Zhou.  o  religion beliefs; the ancient Chinese believed that ancestors were  able to communicate with people, and interact with the world.   Chinese writing system  o Hanzi is the name of their writing system. The writing has had  multiple changes and additions through time, however, ancient  texts are still “readable” for people that can read mandarin.  o Each symbol represents an idea; therefore, there’s no actual  ‘alphabet” people that can read mandarin have to memorize 2000­ 3000+ symbols to read. o Its writing system has more than 50,000+ symbols. This  humungous amount of symbols made it hard to teach grammar.  o There are 290+ languages in china. In ancient times, the dialects  from region to region were so different to the point that they could  be considered different languages.  o o In history; Taiwanese people does not speak Mandarin.   Shang dynasty  o Chinese artisan’s made the best bronze pots, mask, and artifacts…  they would put emphasis in the decoration of pots. Furnishing them with images of animals or Gods.   Zhou dynasty  o The mandate of heaven came up from around this era.   The mandate of heaven is the belief and philosophical  idea that tiān (heaven) granted emperors the right to  rule based on their ability to govern well and fairly  (, n.d.)  Important questions to ask ourselves! o How does a ruler earn the mandate of heaven? o What are the signs that you lost it? o Why did the zhou created the concept?  02/02/16 The Indus valley civilizations The Indus valley civilizations  The Indus river gets the water from the Himalayans and the Hindu Kush.  Khyber Pass: important trading route for the Indus civilizations and the western world.  The Khyber Pass is STILL RELEVANT today. It was used to practice commerce and it  open the road for trading.  Harrapan society   There were 7 major settlements in the Indus valley. In reality there were more,  however, the most important civilizations were only 7.   The Harrapan ruins were discovered in the 1920s by European archeologist.   Harrapa and mohenjo­ daro are DIFFERENT complex societies. There are a few  known facts about these two civilizations. Scholars can’t agree about which  society was more important, therefore, when we refer about societies in the Indus  valley. We refer to them as; Dravidians.  Mohenjo­daro  This society constructed “better” buildings than their Harrapan neighbors.    They had the best sewage system of the ancient world.   They developed writing, unfortunately, scholars haven’t deciphered how to read it.   By the time Indo­Europeans arrive in the Indus valley; the Harrapan civilization had  already collapse.   Ghaggar­hakra River­ ancient River (now dried­up) that flooded through India and  Pakistan. the river had an important role in the complex societies of the Indus valley. Its  disappearance force migrations of different people to southern India.    After settling in the Upper indus river valley; the Indo­Europeans nomads turn to an  agricultural society. They named themselves “Aryans”   Sanskrit­ Holy Indus language.  The Varna society  CASTE SYSTEM brahman (priest) kshatriya (kings, warriors, officials) Valshya (merchants) shruda (peasants. poor people) dalit "untouchables"- (they had different positions, however they were considered "dirty" or "inpure".they werent allowed to touch the Upper class as the brahman. Jati "sub-caste"- they could be considred part of the "Valshya" however, this group of people was wealthy. they separated themselves from the other groups. a good way to think of them would be as "wealthy merchants"


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