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RES 106, Week 1 Notes

by: Razan Alkhazaleh

RES 106, Week 1 Notes RES 106

Marketplace > Pace University > PHIL-Philosophy > RES 106 > RES 106 Week 1 Notes
Razan Alkhazaleh
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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on next weeks 10 question quiz (Monday, February 8)
Religions of the Globe
Heidi Aqel
Class Notes
religion, Religions of the Globe, Eastern, western, islam, christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, judaism




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Razan Alkhazaleh on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RES 106 at Pace University taught by Heidi Aqel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 109 views. For similar materials see Religions of the Globe in PHIL-Philosophy at Pace University.

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Date Created: 02/02/16
02/01/2016 RES 106— Religions of the Globe Prof. Heidi Aqel QUIZ FEBRUARY 8th • Chief characteristics of religion— every religion has these 5 characteristics, EXCEPT buddhism (do not have the first point, do not believe in a god) • Believe in a deity or in a power beyond the individual (transcendence) • A doctrine (accepted teaching) of salvation— creed • Code of conduct • Use of sacred stories • Religious rituals— ceremonies • Three philosophical views of deity • Atheists don’t believe that a deity exists • Theists believe in a deity or deities (god, not religion) • Agnostics say that the existence of a deity cannot be proved or disproved (not sure if there is a god, but believe something) • What is religion? • belief and ritual concern with supernatural beings, powers, and force — MEMORIZE VERBATIM • Social control: • social dimension: the power of religion affects action • religion can be used to mobilize large segments of society through systems of real and perceived rewards/punishments • Many religions have formal code of ethics that prohibit certain behavior while promoting other kinds of behavior • Religions also maintain social control by stressing the fleeting nature of life 02/01/2016 • Experiential and Emotional: • People react when they have encountered something which they believe is very profound • Experiential dimension: What does it mean to “feel the presence of god?” • The sacred is felt to be the universal foundation of all truth, reality goodness, or value. • The deepest need of human life is to have an ongoing relationship with the sacred • Religious experience is a portal that allows us to move from the everyday, ordinary experience to a new, extraordinary level of consciousness — ordinary to extraordinary • Practical and Ritual: • worship, praying, regular gatherings, rites of passage, etc. • Origins, Functions, and Expressions of Religion: • Rituals— formal social acts performed in sacred contexts • Rituals convey information about culture of participants and, hence, participants themselves** • Rituals inherently social, and participation in them necessarily implies social commitments** • What is Ritual? — symbolic mode of communication — Unites words and gestures to form a sacred drama — Transforms the ordinary into the extraordinary — Implies action or doing on the part of the believers • Features of Ritual: — Sacramental: special — Performative: action — Repetetive: routine — Social: things you do with others • Myths that inform the believer: • Religious leaders ignited spark of religious experience in followers— in turn, followers felt called upon to describe the life and works of their teachers • They use powerful narratives that cross the boundary between history fact and faith • Myths provide models that guide human behavior within a faith community— they are the link between BELIEF, BELIEVER, and BEHAVIOR (3 B’s) • ex. Adam and Eve 02/01/2016 • Holy Communion: an act that reenacts the mythic drama • The Doctrinal Dimension: • Doctrines: what people believe in (system of belief) • Give focus and order to the symbolic and the mythical • Can stir believers to commit the most bloody atrocities in the name of their belief • Provide “institutionalized answers” to boundary questions • Ethical and Legal • ideas and laws that shape behavior • The five pillars (Islam) • The Beatitudes (Christianity, 8 points but 4 fall under Judaism as well) • Ten Commandments (Judaism/Christianity) • They provide the link between beliefs and right action PATTERNS IN ETHICAL PROCESS: • Obligation: sets standard for proper action • Responsibility: keep the laws • Dissonance: straying too far cuts you off from the community— cases shame, guilt, distress and tension • Harmony: redemptive mechanism, allowing you to return to proper patterns of action (harmony fixes dissonance) • Material: • outgrowth of religious encounter • music, art, symbolism, architecture • Space vs. Place: • Space: abstract, mental, thoughts • Place: concrete, real, visible, physical


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