New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Biodiversity Notes for quiz 1

by: Graham Notetaker

Biodiversity Notes for quiz 1 Bio131

Marketplace > Elon University > Biology > Bio131 > Biodiversity Notes for quiz 1
Graham Notetaker
Elon University
GPA 3.5
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Biodiversity

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Biodiversity notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

This covers everything that will be on quiz 1
David Vandermast
Class Notes
Biodiversity, Bio




Popular in Biodiversity

Popular in Biology

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Graham Notetaker on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio131 at Elon University taught by David Vandermast in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Biodiversity in Biology at Elon University.


Reviews for Biodiversity Notes for quiz 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/02/16
Biodiversity Class Notes    Big Concepts:   ● Biological Hierarchy  ● Nomenclature   ● pattern vs. process   ● “small changes, compounded over time, result in big changes”    Domains of Life: Bacteria, Archae, Eukarya  (      prokaryotes     )                                Hierarchy of life: (Most inclusive­least inclusive)    Keys:  What defines a species?​INTERFERTILITY   Homo Sapien= “wise”     Nomenclature: ​​“devising or choosing of names for things”  ● Refers to including both genus and species  ● Homo sapien ​(always capitalize Genus, lowercase sapien, all italic, or underlined if  handwriting)    Natural selection causes...  ● Anagenesis­change over time  ● Cladogenesis­change that creates a clade, or group of descendants with a common  ancestor      Earth History    Important dates:  4.6 bya: Earth Formed  4.0 bya: Formation of liquid wat​NEEDED FOR LIFE)  3.8 bya: Oldest known carbon deposits that must have come from life forms  3.5 bya: date of oldest prokaryotes  1.5 bya: Multicellularity evolve  400­500 mya: Colonization of land      Important People:    ● Oparin and Haldane hypothesis  ○ Early Earth had a ​educing atmosphere.​  (Full of N, CO2, H, methane)​o  Oxygen!    ● Miller and Urey Experiments   ○ Tested ^ conditions, added electricity (lightning) and created basic amino acids  needed for life      Moving towards life…    ● Protobionts: Abiotically produced molecules that exhibit simple reproduction and  metabolism and maintain an internal chemical environment     ● RNA: THought to be the first “living” genetic material    ● Prokaryotes over polluted the atmosphere with oxygen, and thus most of them died in  the “oxygen revolution”     ● 2.1 bya Eukaryotes appear     ● Endosymbiosis: Proposes that organelles (mitochondria, chloroplasts) were formerly  small prokaryotes living within larger host cells.  ○ Evidence: similarities in cell division, cell membranes, transcription/translation  their own DNA, ribosomes are more similar to prokaryotic ribosomes    ● Relationships  ○ Facultative: both don't have to provide for each other, but can.  ○ Obligate: cells must perform duty for both to survive.    Multicellularity  ● 1.5 bya, oldest fossil 1.2 bya  ● Progression: protists­ algae­fungi­plants/animals  ● “Snowball Earth” melted, which allowed for a greater diversity of life   ● Benefits of being multicellular:  ○ Larger size=fewer predators, eat more things, specialization of cells  ○ More time for reproduction          Colonization of land:  ● Plants and Fungi colonized together  ● tetrapods and arthropods were the most diverse/ widespread land animals  ● “adaptive radiation” comes from mass extinctions. Refers to evolving in response to  having a new environment (think prokaryotes that polluted the atmosphere with oxygen,  the evolved ones went through adaptive radiation).  ● “Exaptation” A trait that evolved for one purpose but became co opted for another      


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.