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POL 101, chapter one notes, week one

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by: Piper Lynn

POL 101, chapter one notes, week one POL 101

Marketplace > Politics > POL 101 > POL 101 chapter one notes week one
Piper Lynn

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These notes go over the material from three classes, chapter one, and at the bottom they have **Material that will certainly be on the first exam, as described by the professor**
Intro to American Government and Politics
Sabrina Riles
Class Notes
Politics, political science, American Government
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Piper Lynn on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL 101 at a university taught by Sabrina Riles in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.


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Date Created: 02/02/16
Chapter One  What is American Government?   American government is the study of American political institutions and  their connection to the American people.    American government deals with how citizens’ political preferences are  translated into policy via representational leadership. Components of American Government (Will be tested over these & their  functions)    Constitution Constitutional democracy – oldest and shortest in the world.    The Legislative Branch Create laws, declares war, coins money, regulates commerce, establishes  postal services, levies taxes, etc.    The Executive Branch President heads the executive branch.   Serves as commander­in­chief, chief legislator, call special sessions, issue  clemency, etc.    The Judicial Branch Supreme Court sits at the apex. Has the power of judicial review.    The Bureaucracy Helps the president carry out his agenda. Includes all the administrative agencies and departments in the federal civil  service.    Political Parties Seek to operate government, inform citizens on key issues, select and  candidates running for office, mobilize voters, etc.    Interest Groups Seek to influence public policy, provides key political information to voters  and legislators, raise campaign funds, lobby legislators, etc.    The Media Informs the public of key issues, scandals, political corruption, etc.    Campaigns and Elections Serve as a check on elected officials. Allow voters to translate their policy preferences into action. Common Themes in Government     Liberty Freedom to act and think as one chooses    Individualism Right to make independent choice(s) and/or join (or not to join) groups    Equality Political equality Everyone is treated the same in the political sphere. Rights of the minority vs. tyranny of the majority Factions and a balance between the two.    Self­Government Popular sovereignty­ the people rule. How do we develop our political thoughts?   Parents  Schools and/or Colleges and Universities  Peers  Organizations and Affiliations  The Media *Items that will FOR SURE be on next test*   Liberals watch more mews outlets than conservatives.   Conservatives typically only watch one outlet of news – example: Fox  News   Liberals typically see both perspectives of issues and watch multiple  views on topics: less narrow minded   Alex De Tocqueville: created research on American Values. He made up the “Core Values” aka “habits of the heart” Core Values:  1) Individualism­ the choice of citizens to join groups or not participate  in political events  2) Liberty­ freedom to act how you choose (if it is not illegal) 3) Equality­ equal opportunities for all  4) Self­ Government­ elect those to represent your views correctly


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