Linguistics 101 Lecture 1 Notes
Linguistics 101 Lecture 1 Notes LING 1010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Skinger on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LING 1010 at University of Connecticut taught by Hendrikus Van Der Hulst in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 630 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Languages and Linguistics in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of Connecticut.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
Lecture 1: What Kind of Animal are you? MindBody Dualism: Our MIND + Our BODY = US Mind: A product of brain activity Mind= Behavior because our behavior is a byproduct from the decisions our mind makes. o Behavior is a way to observe the mind. o language is a form of behavior Not limited to what we are aware of most of what happens in our mind we are unaware of Consists of stored information and our processing of that information Is MODULAR made up of different components all doing separate things o A module one part of a complicated system which has a particular function. ex: a battery in an electric toothbrush o Some of our modules are: desire to communicate, desire for “tasty” food, fears, visual system, etc Mental Grammar Is one module in our mind. Allows us to speak our language, tells us how our language sounds and how to properly form sentences. Nature vs Nurture: Nature What we are BORN WITH. o Ex: Instincts. Genes. Nurture Comes from EXPERIENCE from the environment around us. o Ex: How many languages we speak, What foods we eat, How often we exercise. This question come us in many disciplines, not only linguistics Some modules are: o Fully Innate Born with o Fully Learned From experience, but learned due to General Learning Mechanisms which are innate (we are born with) o Due to Specific Learning Mechanisms, which are innate Noam Chomsky: Believes that language is primarily INNATE (mostly nature, little nurture) But, language can’t be completely innate or we would all speak the same language. Innate, Specific Learning Mechanisms are used to help us learn some things, such as language: o Language Acquisition Device (LAD) = Universal Grammar (UG)