ECON 211 Week 10 Notes
ECON 211 Week 10 Notes Econ 211-001
Popular in Gender in the Economy
Popular in Economcs
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alejandra Cortez on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Econ 211-001 at Colorado State University taught by Christina Curley in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Gender in the Economy in Economcs at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/09/16
Gender in the Economy Week 10 The Effect of Sexual Orientation on Earnings In 1995 people were able to test this for the first time Earning Gap The econometric technique used to test for discrimination against women is also used for other groups Sexual orientation: wage gaps for LGB individuals compared to heterosexuals Research shows that o Gay men earn less than heterosexual men o Gay married men earn more than unmarried heterosexual men o Lesbian women earn more than heterosexual women Possible explanations: career values, occupation, discrimination The Earning Effects of Sexual Orientation Economist use survey data where respondents indicate sexual orientation and wages o They don’t directly ask sexual orientation, ask behavior patterns instead (sex and sex of partners) Researchers run a regression on wages using all of the available information about respondents When controlling for everything else: o Gay men earn 14-16% less than heterosexual men o Lesbians earn 20-34% more than heterosexual women and earn almost as much as heterosexual men Possible explanations: o Lesbian women may be expected to have higher career values (masculine characteristics) o Homosexuals might be in different occupations than their heterosexual counterparts o There might be discrimination going on against gay men and heterosexual women Culture and Gender Introduction In a lot of cultures, being female is associated with care for others (children, elderly, sick, etc.) Women are expected to care more about family responsibility Women who seem independent and ambitious/men who seem dependent and family oriented go against social norm “Doing Gender” Doing gender: interpersonal enactment of culturally specified roles Doing gender involves assigning tasks such as care Someone who specializes in home or care work (even in the labor market) is typically in a weaker bargaining position within the family Employees in care work are typically paid less than others with the same level of education and same hours o Women are disproportionately concentrated in these jobs Caring Labor How does care depart from traditional economic definitions of work? o Care work requires personal attention o Face to face, first name basis o Care is often for people who cannot clearly express their own needs o Sense of emotional attachment to person being cared for The meaning of care: feminists say it is more than a feeling, it’s a responsibility Many care services involve a sense of connection with the care recipient Care Work Care is production for use rather than exchange Is care work more enjoyable or fulfilling than other types of work? o Emotional labor is involved o One could argue that caring for other people provides a sense of satisfaction Caring labor is usually located outside the labor market Care and Utility Maximization Neoclassical economics o Under neoclassical theory, altruism is only acknowledged within the family o The notion that a paid worker would care about the person receiving services confounds the self-interest assumption contribute to neoclassical theory Caring labor implies that care givers get some utility from improving the welfare of others Gender and Norms of Care Evolution of social norms: groups seek to enforce norms and preferences they find beneficial May reflect collective forms of social power Feminists theory emphasizes coercion in social norms
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