American Government (3)
American Government (3) P SC 1113
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heidi Hilts on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to P SC 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Gary W. Copeland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see American Federal Government in Political Science at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
Government notes week 3 Federalism A way to share power between a national gov and regional gov (states Constitution grants powers to both states and the national gov that the other cannot infringe upon A unitary form grants powers exclusively to a national gov which may opt to share power with states (regional gov) Factors Influencing Power The necessary and proper clause in the constitution, the commerce clause, the supremacy clause and the 14 amendment have all contributed to the growing power of the national gov o Commerce clause: regulate interstate commerce e.g. hotels th th th o 14 amendment passed post civil war (in addition 15 and 16 ) States cannot deny rights to people granted by the fed gov th 10 amendment has been used to protect state power o If a power is not reserved for the federal gov, it is delegated to the states by default Greater financial resources have also been used to advance the national gov Federalism in the U.S. Power sharing is a source of contention between the national government and states Over time both states and the national government have grown more powerful Over time the national government has grown more powerful compared to states Marshall’s view of Federalism Reasons for growth of fed gov o Constitutional bias More power to federal gov than states o Expansion of federal interests and expectations Eisenhower: interstate highway o States lack sophistication and revenues Lack of exports o Supreme court is the final arbiter o Civil war o The new deal o Incorporation (civil liberties) o Civil rights Public Policy Devolution o Power that feds had goes back to states Unfunded mandates Consequences The relationship between the national gov and states is complex States compete for resources such as businesses and jobs States may limit help to needy in different ways Dual Federalism (1789 – 1933) Layered cake: State and federal governments have separate jurisdictions and responsibilities o Nation centered federalism vs. state-centered federalism o Compact theory o Nullification and secession Cooperative Federalism (1933 – 1964)s Marble cake federalism (overlapping and inseperable jurisdictions): state and national governments work together to resolve problems Centralized Federalism (1964 – 1980) Federal gov takes leading role, states and localities tack back seat Grants in aid o Categorical grants o General revenue sharing grants o Unfunded mandates o Crosscutting requirements o Crossover sanctions New Federalism (1981 – 2001) States and localities should regain power and receive less funding from federal government o Devolution o Targeted block grants Ad Hoc Federalism (2002 – present) Sometimes state centered, sometimes nation centered o Depends on political or partisan convenience Interagency working group on federalism 9/11 Advantages of federalism Gov decisions can reflect local preferences Reduces conflict between citizens and gov Allows for policy experimentation Facilitates national policy goals Disadvantages of Federalism Complexity, confusion, and duplication Can increase conflict between governments Policy and service inequalities Reduces accountability Makes coordination difficult
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