CJ Notes CJ 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by jpvass Notetaker on Tuesday February 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/02/16
1/27/16 The Constitution Bill of Rights- first 10 amendments of our constitution It is designed to limit the power of the federal government (FEDERALISM) Protections originally only applied only against the federal criminal trial 1st amendment is “Great Amendment” -Freedoms of religion, thess, speech, assembly, and petition Freedom of Press- “4 Estate” -Media is another branch of the media 2 ndamendment- “right to bear arms” rd 3 amendment- “quartering troops” or housings troops in your home 4 amendment- unreasonable searches and seizures, no warrants shall issues, probable cause -protection against unreasonable searches and seizures Warrant- written court order instructing that a certain act be carried out Probable cause- legal justification for an arrest, search, or seizure, based on sufficient reason to think a crime has been committed Search warrants- authorities have to go before a neutral judge or magistrate and demonstrate probable cause Exclusionary rule- prohibits courts from considering illegally obtained evidence th 5 amendment- protects you against giving evidence against yourself via confession. Protection against self-incrimination (Miranda) Double jeopardy doctrine- prevents authorities from trying you twice for the same crime “Due process”- constitutional guarantee of fairness and that one will be given notice of the proceedings and an opportunity to be heard before the government acts to take away one’s life, liberty, or property 6 amendment- guarantees criminal defendants the right to a fair trial, ensures that defendants are brought to trial soon after they are charged (“speedy trial”), trials are held in public, fair and impartial jury 7 amendment **- specifically with CIVIL court, right to a jury trial in civil cases th 8 amendment- protection against cruel and unusual punishment, protection against excessive fines, protection against excessive bail th 9 amendment- provide flexibility in the constitution, “unremunerated rights”, PRIVACY 10 amendment- states’ rights not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, “essence of federalism” (division of power between state and federal governments)