Lecture 4 “Toxins and Cures” Study Questions
Lecture 4 “Toxins and Cures” Study Questions Bio 309
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddy Moldenhauer on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 309 at Grand Valley State University taught by Elise C Hollister in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Plants and Human Health in Biology at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
B10 309 Plants amp Human Health Professor Hollister Lecture 4 Toxins and Cures Study Questions 1 What did Paracelsus who was generally considered the father of toxicology mean when he said What is there that is not poison Anything to be concerned the poison it just depends on dosage 2 What are the three common types of compounds that are often responsible for the poisonous nature of many plant species Alkaloids glycosides alcohol 3 How do we define plant families With the suffix ace or aceae 4 What are the ve plant families discussed that provide us with several toxins and cures The Mint Family The Mustard Family The Parsley Family The Bean Family The Potato Family 5 For the Lamiaceae mint family Brassicaceae mustard family Apiaceae parsley family Fabaceae bean family and Solanaceae tomato family answer the following What are the morphological characteristics of each of the above listed plant families Mint Family square stems owers at branch axis opposite leaves Mustard Family four petals arranged in a cross fruit siliques amp silicles Parsley Family compound umbels uorescence dry indehiscent schizocarp hollow stems highly dissected leaves branched m Family distinct owers tendrils fruits legumes leaves oddly pinnate beans contain oligosaccharides Potato Family 5lobed petals fruits berry compound leaves What are the principle compounds found in each of the above listed plant families Mint Family Terpenes Mustard Family Glucosinolates Parsley Family Alkaloids m Family Alkaloids Potato Family Alkaloids Can you name one helpful plant and specify why it is helpful for each of the above listed 5 plant families Mint Family lavender CNS relaxant Mustard Family garden cress asthma Parsley Family dill dyspepsia upset stomach and antispasmodic GI Tract Bean Family soybean anti tumor cancer prevention chloresterol reduction Potato Family chili pepper anti microbial analgesic pain killer muscular tensions Can you name a harmful plant and specify why it is harmful for m of the above listed 5 plant families Mint Family basil mutagenic and carcinogenic Mustard Family horseradish kidney in ammation and ulsers Parsley Family water hemlock most poisonous plant in North America and difficult to distinguish from other parsley family members Causes violent convulsions and death m Family Rosemary pea coma death Potato Family jimson weed coma death teenagers smokin weed 7 What are two plant families that are especially useful in treating atulence Mint amp Parsley Family 8 What family is particularly notorious for causing atulence and why Bean Family due to gasproducing sugars 9 What is the most poisonous plant in North America Should we eat wild parsley Water hemlock Parsley Family No because it is hard to distinguish the helpful from harmful species 10 Are characteristics of the Solanaceae usually considered more or less distinctive than the other plant families discussed in today s lecture Easier to distinguish 11 What Solanaceae member has caused some recent plantbased deaths in last couple of decades according to Poison Control Center surveys hint used amongst teens J imson weed 12 In general what is the rule of thumb to consider while utilizing wild plants for food Only consume them if you are 100 sure that the plant is identified as a safe plant You must either be a plant expert or with with a plant expert that knows their plant identifications Also watch the dosage