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PSYCH 3110: Social Psychology, week 4 notes

by: Alison Carr

PSYCH 3110: Social Psychology, week 4 notes Psych 3110

Marketplace > Bowling Green State University > Psychlogy > Psych 3110 > PSYCH 3110 Social Psychology week 4 notes
Alison Carr
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on the first exam.
Social Psychology
Joshua Ricker
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Carr on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 3110 at Bowling Green State University taught by Joshua Ricker in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Bowling Green State University.


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Date Created: 02/03/16
PSYCH 3110: Social Psychology, Spring Semester 2016 Week 4  Obedience- acting in accord with a direct order  Factors influencing obedience: o Environment o Status of the “experimenter” o Presence or absence of experimenter o Distance from the learner  Groupthink- “the model of thinking that persons engage in when concurrence seeking becomes so dominant in a cohesive ingroup that it tends to override realistic appraisal of alternative courses of action.” o Irving Janis  Where does groupthink come from? o A close-knit, cohesive group o A group that is isolated from dissenting viewpoints o A direct leader who signals what decisions he or she favors 8 symptoms of groupthink: 1. Illusion of invulnerability 2. Unquestioned belief in the group’s morality 3. Rationalization 4. Stereotyped view of opponent 5. Conformity pressure 6. Self-censorship 7. Illusion of unanimity 8. Mindguards 1&2=right and might 3&4=closed-minded 5-8=uniformity How to prevent groupthink:  Be impartial- do not endorse any position  Encourage critical evaluation  Occasionally subdivide the group  Welcome critiques from outside experts  Before implementing the plan, call a “second chance” meeting o Sleep on it The Bystander Effect  Kitty Genovese  Diffusion of responsibility- someone else will do it since there are more people around What makes people help?  Identify the situation as an emergency  Assume personal responsibility  Limited cost of helping  Increased benefit of helping  Having a connection with the victim The Presence of others  Social facilitation- performance improves in the presence of others o Other animals such as ants and chickens have shown this behavior o Contradictory findings: sometimes the presence of others hindered performance? o Difficult task& other people around = perform worse o Easy task & others people around = perform better  3 factors of how the presence of others affect behavior: o Evaluation apprehension- observers make us apprehensive because we wonder how they are evaluating us o Distraction- distraction causes arousal o Presence- the mere presence of others causes arousal  Social loafing- tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their efforts towards a common goal than when they are individually accountable o What decreases loafing?  Identify performance  A challenging or appealing task  You are close with your group


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