General Psychology 211 Chapter 1
General Psychology 211 Chapter 1 PSY 211
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Hevel on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 211 at Clarion University of Pennsylvania taught by Richard Nicholls in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see general psychology in Psychlogy at Clarion University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
General Psychology – 211 Chapter 1 • “pseudo” means false • Palmistry – looking at the lines on your hands • Phrenology – personal traits revealed by your skull and bumps on the hands. • Graphology – personal traits revealed by handwriting. • Astrology – position of the stars and planets determine your personality and your behavior. Some Psychologists • Freud • B.F. Skinner • Jean Piaget Clinical Psychology – treat more severe psychological problems and mental disorders. Counseling Psychology – treat milder problems such as school or work. 4 Goals used to study Psychology 1. Prescribe 2. Understand 3. Predict 4. Control 5 Methods used to Study Psychology 1. Observational methods a. Collecting info about behavior without trying to change it. 2. Survey method a. Collecting info through surveys without trying to change it 3. Case study method a. In depth study of one person 4. Correctional method a. Determining the degree of relationships between variables. b. ***Coefficient of Correlation – statistics ranging from -1.00 to +1.00 the sign indicates the direction of the relationships. 5. Experimental methods *BEST METHOD a. Manipulate one or more variables to determine the effect on some behavior. Independent Variable – the variable the experimenter manipulates *changes Dependent Variable – psychologists are allowed measuring *doesn’t change Random Assignment – participants have equal chances of being in either experimental group. Hypothesis – educated guess Operational Definition – are persist, they have a number Animals in Our Research • Anthropomorphic Fallacy – belief that animals have feelings and emotions similar to humans Famous experiments in Psychology • Conformity à line experiment • Modeling à Bobo doll • Obedience à electric shock • Prison à role playing à “the experiment”
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