Sensation and Perception 2/3/16
Sensation and Perception 2/3/16 APSY.UE.0002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianda Hickey on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APSY.UE.0002 at NYU School of Medicine taught by Adina Schick, in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 261 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY AND ITS PRINCIPLES in Psychlogy at NYU School of Medicine.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Continuation of Biological Basis of Psychology Heredity and Behavior The impact of heredity on behavior can be measured through: Family & Twin Studies Focus is on the inﬂuence of nature on behavior Done almost exclusively to study out genetics Adoption Studied Focus is on the inﬂuences of nature and nurture on behavior Access the inﬂuences of both nature and nurture researchers are able to see the eﬀect of nature in adopted children’s genetics and the eﬀect of nurture by observing their adopted family/parents. Genetic Makeup Chromosomes within the nucleus of every cell contain genetic information Dominant Genes & Recessive Genes When two genes in a speciﬁc pair are the same [Dominant + Dominant or Recessive +Recessive], the individual is homozygous for that trait if the genes are diﬀerent, the individual is heterozygous Genotype refers to an individual’s genetic makeup Ex. contain genes for both blue eyes and brown eyes Phenotype refers to the manner in which the genotype is manifested in observable characteristics Ex. You are born with brown eyes, although your genotype contains genes for both blue eyes and brown eyes Sensation and Perception Sensation and perception are distinct processes: Sensation refers to the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent stimuli from our environment Perception refers tot he process of organizing and interpreting sensory information In our every day experiences, sensation and perception blend into one continuous process Experiences of the world depend on: Sensation - Physical stimuli we encounter Perception - Active processing of stimuli inputs
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