Cultural Anthropology Notes Covering Religion
Cultural Anthropology Notes Covering Religion Anthropology 130
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Melodi Harfouche on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 130 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by De Pendry in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Religion and Ritual Beliefs and rituals concerned with supernatural beings powers and forces 0 Emile Durkheim Collective effervescence community spirit solidarity effervescence social hierarchies temporarily suspended Mardis Gras Carnaval in Brazil 0 Rites of Passage 0 Separation separate from normal society 0 Liminality normal social rules may not apply 0 Incorporation reincorporated into normal social life Origins Tylor proposed that might be related to people being intrigued with death dreaming and trance Tylor s Stages of Religion Animism belief in spiritual beings plants and animals can have a spiritual quality to them Polytheism multiple Gods Monotheism one God Shamanic HuntingGathering Communal Farming Olympian Chiefdoms states Monotheism States Supernatural Power Mana o Impersonal power that people can control under certain conditions 0 Similar to efficacy or luck 0 Secular version of magic socks Magic imitative and contagious Totemism 0 Animals plants or geographic features Functions of Religion EXplain the mysterious 0 Reduce anxiety offer hope 0 Help people cope with adversity Mobilize emotions joy fear etc 0 Reduce or create anxiety 0 Joy fear etc Control natural andor social worlds 0 They ll perform rituals in hopes of addressing things curing an illness Achieve specific aims Moral Codes or Values 0 Guide practices and beliefs 0 Produce regret guilt shame if you don t live up to the moral code 0 Produce the need for forgiveness Personal or group transformations 0 Rituals and Rites of Passage Create a sense of group unity 0 through shared practices if you do shared practices you re going to have an emotional attachment 0 collective effervescence Durkheim o inclusion and exclusion identity Maintain social order social control Reinforce social hierarchies Change transformation revolution it could be a miX of all three or it could be one individually Rituals Formal stylized repetitive stereotyped practices usually performed in special places at set times Social acts typically with groups 0 Participation versus audience Can be religious or secular
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