Exam 1 - week 2 notes
Exam 1 - week 2 notes POLS 2311
Popular in Political Science 2312
Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mikaela Harrison on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Professor millsap in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see Political Science 2312 in Political Science at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
In-Class Notes 2/3/16 5:05 PM Iowa Democratic caucus – there has to be at least 15% or more “in your corner” in order to vote • Walk into a gym in Iowa and go to the corner of the person you are voting for. If your corner does not receive 15%, they will not be on the ballot Party caucus – party members in state legislature • Choosing nominees closed to everyone else • Complaints of abuse à no one else could participate • Since 1790 you can’t just wake up and say I’m going to run for president (presidential candidate) o You have to go to the party you want to run for and ask them if you can run for the position Party Convention – created in 1828 during President Jackson’s administration • let average American male (who owns property) select nominees for 1 time Party primary elections • Began in Texas in 1905 à all offices except the president • President was added in TX primaries by senate bill 4 in 1987 Open primary • All parties on one ballot • If 1 gets more then 50%, then they win. If not à runoff between top 2 à they can be in the same party • Louisiana, California, Washington, Nebraska… Closed primary • Voting is limited to party members only • Usually register as a party member • Texas Major Political party can hold public elections • If a party’s candidate receives 20% then that party is major • If not, it is minor party & all it’s candidates are selected by its party convention New parties • You must file a list of supporters (registered voters who didn’t vote in the republican/democratic primary) à equal to 1% of total governor vote in each state o Ex – 1% of 5,000,000 is 50K • Any party that gets 5% of votes get’s a spot on ballot in next state election Financing elections • Prior to 1905, we nominated candidate by convention (didn’t really cost money) o “all for bubba raise your hand” à that’s how it was decided • THE CANDIDATES PAY (through filing fees) o $1,000 in one county or $8,900 in another county for the same office/position (no consistency) • 1970: Federal court rules unconstitutional/now tax/state money pays for majority of all state elections. Now uniform filing fees pay for portion • $13.4 million taxpayer dollars spent for 1990 republican and democrat primary elections (about the same in 2000) • You can’t discriminate poor people o You can get signatures and not have to pay the fee § Statewide office – 5,000 registered voters § District wide - 500 or 2% of the total vote o The signer of your petition becomes ineligible to vote in the primaries or participate in a convention of another political party during the voting year in which the primary election is held § You have to tell them this upon signing the petition o MUST BE AT THE TOP OF THE PETITION § : "I know that the purpose of this petition is to entitle (insert candidate's name) to have his or her name placed on the ballot for the office of (insert office title, including any place number or other distinguishing number) for the (insert political party's name) primary election. I understand that by signing this petition I become ineligible to vote in a primary election or participate in a convention of another party, including a party not holding a primary election, during the voting year in which this primary election is held." General elections • Administered by public officials and plurality wins (except for president) Example below o Candidate 1 – 26 votes (This candidate wins) o Candidate 2 – 25 votes o Candidate 3 – 24 votes o Candidate 4 – 16 votes o Candidate 5 – 5 votes • Official election determines who will occupy the seat • Oregon and Washington state ONLY vote by mail • Georgia says there has to be a majority winner (no plurality) st st • 1 Tuesday after the 1 Monday in November (general election) Special Elections • Fill vacancy of un-expired office (governor role), & constitutional amendment proposals o Someone dies in office/is murdered/assassinated/personal circumstances/commit a crime and get caught o You can’t run as a republican or democratic candidate à non-partisan (the office is filled w/out people knowing what party they are affiliated with then they can say what party they are in) • When are these special elections? (must be next election date of the 4 options) o 3rd Saturday in January o 3rd Saturday in May o 2nd Saturday in August o Tuesday next after the 1st Monday in November Test Questions 2/3/16 5:05 PM st st 1 Tuesday in March only in even years à 1 primary 4thTuesday in May of even years à 2 nd primary st st 1 Tuesday after the 1 Monday in November à general elections Who finances elections? • The candidates who are choosing to run in the democrat and republican parties primaries (charged through filing fees) • Primary elections are administered by o Party chair à in all 254 counties in Texas o Executive conventions o Simple majority wins, or runoff required
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