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Organic Chemistry 2230: Chapter 3 Part B Notes

by: Amanda Biddlecome

Organic Chemistry 2230: Chapter 3 Part B Notes Chemistry 2230

Marketplace > Clemson University > Chemistry 2230 > Organic Chemistry 2230 Chapter 3 Part B Notes
Amanda Biddlecome
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These notes cover the last few things that we will be covering on the exam plus a little extra information. Also, at the end of this set of notes is a list of things that the professor suggests we ...
Organic Chemistry 1
Dr. Schroeder
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Biddlecome on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Chemistry 2230 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Schroeder in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.


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Date Created: 02/03/16
Organic  Chemistry  2230   Chapter  3  Part  B   February  1,  2016   Amanda  Biddlecome     1)  Multiple  Substituents     -­‐all  organic  compounds  can  only  have  ONE  parent     -­‐if  you  have  an  alcohol  and  an  amine,  alcohol  takes  precedence  (ALWAYS)       *use  –ol  as  the  parent,  and  use  “amino”  as  a  prefix  for  Nitrogen  the         substituent  and  use  regular  rules  from  there     -­‐parentheses  tell  you  exactly  what  is  bonded  to  what  and  how       *break  it  down  like  you  would  when  looking  at  a  parent  chain     -­‐when  amine  is  the  parent,  don’t  use  parentheses     2)  Conformations  of  Alkanes     -­‐representations  of  structures       *skeleton  is  what  we  see  the  most  often       *want  to  be  able  to  go  from  3D  to  2D  on  paper  so  just  change  the         perspective  that  you  look  at  the  molecule  from       -­‐Newman  Project       *staggered  structure=stable;  the  bonds  offset  each  other       *eclipsed  structure=not  stable;  the  atoms  and  bonds  line  up  directly         behind  each  other     -­‐staggered  is  more  stable  because  the  hydrogen  atoms  have  as  much  space     between  them  as  possible     3)  Conformation  of  n-­‐butane     -­‐n-­‐because  there’s  three  other  possible  but-­‐  groups     -­‐either  staggered  or  eclipsed  wen  looking  down  the  bond  from  carbon  1  to     carbon  2     -­‐when  you  look  down  the  bond  between  carbons  2  and  3  is  when  you  get  a     switch  up  and  can  have  different  versions  of  the  eclipsed  structure       *each  possible  structure  has  a  lot  of  different  potential  energy       *the  most  stable  staggered  is  when  the  2  extra  carbons  are  opposite         from  each  other-­‐this  is  called  (Anti-­‐);  (the  big  group  on  the  front  is         anti  to  the  big  group  on  the  back)     Topics  to  review  for  the  exam   1)  Drawing  Structures     -­‐Lewis,  skeletal       *OCTET  RULE       *lone  pairs  (only  when  asked  for),  formal  charges     -­‐Alcohols,  Amines,  Ethers,  Halides,  Hydrocarbons       *first  10  parents  for  hydrocarbons       *Butyls-­‐all  4     -­‐Alphabetize:  cyclo-­‐  and  iso-­‐     -­‐Don’t  alphabetize:  anything  referring  to  a  number       *di,  tri,  tetra,  sec-­‐,  tert-­‐   2)  Acids  and  Bases     -­‐reactions       *predict  products,  draw  arrows,  equilibrium  (won’t  give  pKa)     -­‐pH  vs  pKa  (pKa  given)       *pH>pKa       *pH<pKa       *pH=pKa     -­‐atomic  size  and  electronegativity   3)  Big  Molecule     -­‐have  to  know  primary,  secondary,  and  tertiary     -­‐functional  groups     -­‐molecular  formula:  sigma  and  pi  bonds;  single,  double,  and  triple  bonds;     hybridization;  orbitals    


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