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February 1-5

by: Callisa Ruschmeyer

February 1-5 ENGL 2250 - 001

Callisa Ruschmeyer
GPA 4.0

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Notes on: -Mary Rowlandson's Captivity Narrative -Roger Williams and The Key into the Language of America -class on February 5th was a writing workshop for our papers due on Monday, February 8t...
American Literature before 1865
Julia Tigner
Class Notes
american literature, auburn, Tigner, Mary Rowlandson, Roger Williams, The Key into the Language of America
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Callisa Ruschmeyer on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2250 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Julia Tigner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see American Literature before 1865 in Foreign Language at Auburn University.

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Date Created: 02/03/16
February 1-5 Mary Rowlandson’s Captivity Narrative (2/1) Descriptions Rowlandson uses to describe the natives  Merciless heathens/ravenous bears/wolves (animals who devour Christians) o She describes herself of a lamb- gentle, innocent, parallel to babies  Murderous wretches (outside the Christian civilization)  Barbarous creatures/inhuman creatures- argument that Puritans have right to the land because they are fully human  Barbarous enemy (page 187-188)- as Rowlandson recognizes another as an enemy, she recognizes them as human since enemies are within human relationships Nuclear Family Representative of Puritan Family  Elicit readers' sympathy  Talks about seeing son and daughter  Wanting to be reconnected with her husband  Indian attack disrupts this set-up 3. Partially integrated in the Wampanoag Community (197-198)  Captive (prisoner) --> servant --> hostess  She started out as a servant  Then began making clothes for the natives in return for more food rations  At one point even hosted her mistress which displays her becoming part of the economy  She contributes her change to God, but in reality, the natives do have a sense of community and can act in a civil manner 4. Children Dying  Rowlandson's child was buried by the natives and she was not really able to mourn her own child  The mistress's mourning included the entire community and she was able to be present at the burial of her child  One said that there was more space for her to sleep  Mary Rowlandson is very cold toward the natives; God's will only extends to the English o Clear divided between the Christians vs. the Wampanoag natives o Model of sympathy does not extend far 5. Rowlandson's Food  She did not eat a lot at the beginning of her captivity  When she became weak and began to starve the once disgusting food now tastes good  The food became savory due to the Providence  The way she eats now resembles the natives o She steals food from an English boy = she is becoming more savage like  She is in-between two cultures- Puritan vs. Indian 6. Spiritual Journey  Started out as thinking that God was punishing her because of her not respecting the Sabbath day  Faith wavers- actions contradict her actions  Associates Providence  God prompted the natives to extended good will; God did not extend himself to the natives- just to the English Constant Negotiation  Maintain her faith  Retain her strength  Survive 7. Sexual Violence (page 216)  Rowlandson says the natives are very bad- yet, she was not sexually associated  She contributes this to God- not the fact that natives could resist participating in this action  White woman- emblematic of Christianity is kidnapped and held captive by racialized others  Virtuous white settlers vs. demonic natives 8. Praying Indians  Indians practice Christianity  They are being used as a liaison and helped get Rowlandson's ransom  They are not trusted on either side Roger Williams and The Key into the Language of America (2/3) Class Notes  Roger Williams was kicked out of the Massachusetts Bay colony governed by John Winthrop  He left and made his own colony of Providence (later known as Rhode Island) o People did not think that he could create a colony as legitimate as John Winthrop's  Heretic- at odds with the majority o Roger Williams' beliefs are in contrast of what Winthrop has established in his colony o His colony was established due to the persecution he was experiencing in the Bay area  This is ironic because the Puritans left England due to religious persecution  "Erring into Wilderness"- Williams does not consider the native's land the wilderness o Williams is interested in the natives culture o He respects them in a different way than the other Puritans o He purchased his land from the natives in a transaction that everyone thought was fair  Rhode Island Compact o First document of democracy of "America" Class Questions on Ted Widmer's "A Nearer Neighbor to the Indians" 1. Underlying Assumption o The natives matter and they have their own community structure 2. "Liberty of Conscience" or "Soul Liberty" o Worship should not be pushed upon the natives o creates a purer for of democracy; church and state should be separate o People should be able to baptize themselves 3. How is this a Feminist piece? o He brings to the forefront that the native women work harder than the men o Native women make the fur and the English women wear the fur  Natives put in the hard work and the English just reap the reward  There is a district inequality  What is the mainstream idea of the natives? The natives make the fur but the English wear the fur…so why does this make the native inferior to the English. 4. "Nearer Neighborhood" o Natives are just as legitimate as the English o More of a will to understand the differences in culture o Not as separate as in Massachusetts- more exchange 5. Winthrop vs. Williams o Winthrop  Providence and God's will- born where you're meant to be  Puritans vs. Natives  Exceptionalism and "city upon a hill"  Theocracy  Puritans  Communal attitude: us vs. them  Church and state are always the same- but public good takes priority over private gain o Williams  You can work your way up  Cooperative  "Nearer neighborhood"  Democracy  Baptist  Share the community and become one with the natives  Government should not correct errors in religion- very separate entities Continuation of Class Lecture  Proto-anthropology- Williams studies the natives and tries to understand them o He recognizes their culture, civilization, and religion Writing Workshop- February 5


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