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Classical Mythology Week 2 Notes

by: AngelicaDeMario

Classical Mythology Week 2 Notes Classic 170

GPA 3.402

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About this Document

These notes cover the Hymns of Apollo and Hermes
Classical Mythology
Renee Calkins
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by AngelicaDeMario on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Classic 170 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Renee Calkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.

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Date Created: 02/03/16
Classical Mythology Week 2 Notes Hymn of Apollo  What is the purpose of a hymn in ancient Greek culture? - To honor a god. - Hymn from Greek hymns prelude to episode from epics oral tradition (750-650 B.C) - Composed by Kynaithos of Chios - Aetia (etiologies: stories of origin)- origins of Panhellenic sanctuaries.  What is Apollo’s status in the Olympian Court? - He has privileged status in Zeus’ court. - Apollo’s Panhellenic Sanctuaries- Delos and Delphi - 2ndGeneration God Apollo’s Birth - born in Delos- wasn’t breastfed. - Claims main powers and is almost fully grown. - Claims a lyre and bow Foundation Stories (Delphi) - Hymn to Apollo (official version), Shepard’s tale (folk version)  Who gave birth to Typhoios in Hesiod’s Theogony? – Hera Consulting the Oracle - Colonization- increase of wealth in Delphi - Pythia: women over 50 served as priestesses over Apollo, named the next Oracle. - Volcanic intoxicating gases were the theorized ways of “receiving” and omen from the gods.  How did Apollo acquire priests at Delphi according to the Hymn of Apollo? – He abducted sailors in a boat from Crete (transformed into a dolphin) - Etymologies (real meanings) of Apollo’s Epithets - Delphi=Delphis=Dolphin Hermes, Trickster, and God of Thieves  What are Apollo’s main powers? –music, poetry, prophecy and medicine Hymn to Hermes - Dated 650 B.C - -Argeiphontes (Argus-killer, epithet of Hermes) - Indo-European cattle-raiding motif’ - Hermes was born in a cave from Meia (meaning “mother) Art of Deception - Hermes steals Apollo’s cattle; disguised the route by swiveling the cow’s feet. Hermes as Inventive Culture Hero - Created syrinx and lyre (Lyre made out of the shell of a tortoise)  What do God’s eat? –Nectar and Ambrosia  What profession does Hermes propose for himself? –A thief  What rude omen does Hermes produce? –A fart  In the Hymn to Apollo, who recreated the performance of the poet himself? –The Delian Maidens Hermes - God of thieves, herdsman, and boundaries (Trickster God) - Psychopompos: A guide of souls to the place of the dead - Attributes to art: traveler’s hat, short cloak, winged sandels.


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