Classical Mythology Week 2 Notes
Classical Mythology Week 2 Notes Classic 170
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by AngelicaDeMario on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Classic 170 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Renee Calkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Classical Mythology Week 2 Notes Hymn of Apollo What is the purpose of a hymn in ancient Greek culture? - To honor a god. - Hymn from Greek hymns prelude to episode from epics oral tradition (750-650 B.C) - Composed by Kynaithos of Chios - Aetia (etiologies: stories of origin)- origins of Panhellenic sanctuaries. What is Apollo’s status in the Olympian Court? - He has privileged status in Zeus’ court. - Apollo’s Panhellenic Sanctuaries- Delos and Delphi - 2ndGeneration God Apollo’s Birth - born in Delos- wasn’t breastfed. - Claims main powers and is almost fully grown. - Claims a lyre and bow Foundation Stories (Delphi) - Hymn to Apollo (official version), Shepard’s tale (folk version) Who gave birth to Typhoios in Hesiod’s Theogony? – Hera Consulting the Oracle - Colonization- increase of wealth in Delphi - Pythia: women over 50 served as priestesses over Apollo, named the next Oracle. - Volcanic intoxicating gases were the theorized ways of “receiving” and omen from the gods. How did Apollo acquire priests at Delphi according to the Hymn of Apollo? – He abducted sailors in a boat from Crete (transformed into a dolphin) - Etymologies (real meanings) of Apollo’s Epithets - Delphi=Delphis=Dolphin Hermes, Trickster, and God of Thieves What are Apollo’s main powers? –music, poetry, prophecy and medicine Hymn to Hermes - Dated 650 B.C - -Argeiphontes (Argus-killer, epithet of Hermes) - Indo-European cattle-raiding motif’ - Hermes was born in a cave from Meia (meaning “mother) Art of Deception - Hermes steals Apollo’s cattle; disguised the route by swiveling the cow’s feet. Hermes as Inventive Culture Hero - Created syrinx and lyre (Lyre made out of the shell of a tortoise) What do God’s eat? –Nectar and Ambrosia What profession does Hermes propose for himself? –A thief What rude omen does Hermes produce? –A fart In the Hymn to Apollo, who recreated the performance of the poet himself? –The Delian Maidens Hermes - God of thieves, herdsman, and boundaries (Trickster God) - Psychopompos: A guide of souls to the place of the dead - Attributes to art: traveler’s hat, short cloak, winged sandels.
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