Intro to Listening
Intro to Listening MUS 121
Popular in Intro to Listening
Popular in Music
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alannah Culbert on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Crofut in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Intro to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for Intro to Listening
I love that I can count on (Alannah for top notch notes! Especially around test time...
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/03/16
Chapter 2 MUS 121 Elements that structure music: Key, Texture, and form Key: -Tonality: the structuring (pitch choices) of harmony and melody around a specific musical note, called the tonic. -Tonic: the central/root/base note around which a musical composition is organized. Different notes indicate a different quality of character -ex. D is an exuberant and bright key, E-flat is a warm and lush key, c#-minor is a hard and demented key -Tonic chord: A harmonic chord composed of tonic as its base note, and either a raised note to indicate a major key, or lowered not to indicate a minor key. Types of Keys: -Major Key- composed with raised (sharp) notes, its major scale and character have an obvious quality of being positive and happy -minor key: composed with lowered (flat) note, its minor scale and character have a quality of being troubled and sad -chromatic key: composed with a combination of raised and lowered notes in order to create and effect of minimal change. It’s character can be one of searching, ambiguity, falling, or rising. Tools for the listener and performer -Modulation: a shift from one key to another within a composition. Generally pieces will modulate in the middle to explore or accentuate a specific idea, and then modulate back to the tonic key to conclude. -Key signature: a notation in written music that dictates the uniform raising or lowering of specific notes for the entirety of a piece. Helps performers anticipate Texture -Texture describes the relationship between layers of melody, harmony, and rhythm, which form a total sound-experience. -there are three separate types of texture in music, each defined by how it supports the main musical like (the main voice) -these three types are (in order of general appearance in music) Monophony, Polyphony, and Harmophoy Monophony -A solo musical line -Multiple kinds of instruments may simultaneously play the musical line (multiple voices) but they must be in unison Polyphony -Counterpoint: a texture combining two or more independent voices, heard simultaneously -Imitation: The repetition of a musical idea by another voice or voices Homophony -A solo voice with accompanying elements -Can also be two solo voices sharing an identical rhythm, thus creating broad chords called a hormorhythmic texture (think church hymns) -Effectively used at the cadences and concluding material. Form - Form: the organization of musical ideas - Theme and variations: A piece, based on an original theme, which explores variations on that theme - Binary vs. Ternary form: AB vs. ABA, “A” representing a section of music, and “B” representing a contrast selection.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'