MUS 121 intro to listening Chapter 2 Notes
MUS 121 intro to listening Chapter 2 Notes Mus121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Heller on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Benjamin Crofut in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Into to listening in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Chapter 2- Elements that Structure Music Key- (tonality) the structuring (pitch choices) of harmony and melody around a specific musical note, called the tonic Tonic- the central/root/base note around which a musical composition is organized Different notes indicate a different quality of character Ex. D is an exuberant and bright key, E-flat is a warm and lush key, c#-minor is hard and demented key # is a sharp sign for a note Tonic chord- a harmonic chord composed of tonic as its base note, and either a raised note to indicate a major key, or lowered note to indicate a minor key Major scale- “happy” Minor scare- “sad” Major key- composed with raised (sharp) notes Major scale and character have an obvious quality of being positive and happy Minor key- composted with lowered (flat) notes Minor scale and character have a quality of being troubled and sad Chromatic key- composted with a combination of raised and lowered notes in order to create effect of minimal change Its character can be one of searching, ambiguity, falling, or rising Tools for the Listener and Performer Modulation- a shift from one key to another within a composition Generally, pieces will modulate in the middle to explore or accentuate a specific idea, and then modulate back to the tonic key to conclude Ex. We are the champions Key signature- a notation in written music that dictates the uniform raising or lowering of specific notes for the entirety of a piece Helps performers anticipate whether a piece is in major or minor Texture- describes the relationship between layers of melody, harmony, and rhythm, which form a total sound-experience There are three separate types of texture in music, each defined by how it supports the main musical line (the main voice) These three types (in order of general appearance in music): Monophony- a solo musical line Multiple kinds of instruments may simultaneously play the musical line (multiple voices), but they must be in unison Polyphony- Counterpoint: a texture combining two or more independent voices, heard simultaneously Imitation- the repetition of a musical idea by another voice or voices Homophony- a solo voice with accompanying elements can also be two solo voices sharing an identical rhythm, thus creating broad chords called a homorhythmic texture (think church hymns) effectively used at cadences and concluding material (at the end) most common Form- the organization of musical ideas Theme and Variation- a piece, based on an original theme, which explores variations on that theme Binary vs. Ternary Form: AB vs ABA, “A” representing a section of music, and “B” representing a contrasting section
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