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MUS 121 intro to listening Chapter 2 Notes

by: Lauren Heller

MUS 121 intro to listening Chapter 2 Notes Mus121

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Art > Mus121 > MUS 121 intro to listening Chapter 2 Notes
Lauren Heller
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes were taken from the class lecture covering chapter 2
Into to listening
Benjamin Crofut
Class Notes
MUS121, into to listening, Listening, Music
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Heller on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Benjamin Crofut in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Into to listening in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/03/16
Chapter 2- Elements that Structure Music  Key- (tonality) the structuring (pitch choices) of harmony and melody around a specific musical note, called the tonic  Tonic- the central/root/base note around which a musical composition is organized  Different notes indicate a different quality of character  Ex. D is an exuberant and bright key, E-flat is a warm and lush key, c#-minor is hard and demented key  # is a sharp sign for a note  Tonic chord- a harmonic chord composed of tonic as its base note, and either a raised note to indicate a major key, or lowered note to indicate a minor key  Major scale- “happy”  Minor scare- “sad”  Major key- composed with raised (sharp) notes  Major scale and character have an obvious quality of being positive and happy  Minor key- composted with lowered (flat) notes  Minor scale and character have a quality of being troubled and sad  Chromatic key- composted with a combination of raised and lowered notes in order to create effect of minimal change  Its character can be one of searching, ambiguity, falling, or rising  Tools for the Listener and Performer  Modulation- a shift from one key to another within a composition  Generally, pieces will modulate in the middle to explore or accentuate a specific idea, and then modulate back to the tonic key to conclude  Ex. We are the champions  Key signature- a notation in written music that dictates the uniform raising or lowering of specific notes for the entirety of a piece  Helps performers anticipate whether a piece is in major or minor  Texture- describes the relationship between layers of melody, harmony, and rhythm, which form a total sound-experience  There are three separate types of texture in music, each defined by how it supports the main musical line (the main voice)  These three types (in order of general appearance in music):  Monophony- a solo musical line  Multiple kinds of instruments may simultaneously play the musical line (multiple voices), but they must be in unison  Polyphony- Counterpoint: a texture combining two or more independent voices, heard simultaneously  Imitation- the repetition of a musical idea by another voice or voices  Homophony- a solo voice with accompanying elements  can also be two solo voices sharing an identical rhythm, thus creating broad chords called a homorhythmic texture (think church hymns)  effectively used at cadences and concluding material (at the end)  most common  Form- the organization of musical ideas  Theme and Variation- a piece, based on an original theme, which explores variations on that theme  Binary vs. Ternary Form: AB vs ABA, “A” representing a section of music, and “B” representing a contrasting section


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