POSC 1123: Texas Government, Week 3
POSC 1123: Texas Government, Week 3 POSC 1123
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sherman Paul on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 1123 at Prairie View A&M University taught by Dr. Lee McGriggs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see Texas Government in Political Science at Prairie View A&M University.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Sherman Paul Texas Government Notes for Exam 1 Q: Why is the constitution a living document? It can always be changed based on our ever-changing world. Amendments can be repealed or added. You can do away with a current constitution and reconstruct it in whole. It reflects the influence of the time and place in which it was written. Q: What contributes to the longevity of a constitution? The historical and cultural of the context and when it was written Many consider the constitution a sacred document that shouldn’t be altered Q: What is the purpose of a constitution? Provides a framework of the government. It establishes the fundamental law upon which the state legal system is built Creates procedures for making laws and participating as a citizen voter Q: Why is the constitution revered ( special)? Establishes “the rules of the game” that are the basis of a functioning democracy The historical and cultural of the context and when it was written Q: What does it mean by decentralizing the government? Powers are divided by the federal, state, and local governments This is an example of separation of powers Q: What are common features of a constitution? Bill of Rights Popular Sovereignty Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances Supremacy Clause Social Contract Theory Amendments Preamble Articles Limited Government Q: What year was the current Texas Constitution first drafted? 1875 at the Convention of 1875 Q: The Texas constitution under Tejas in Mexico provides what for us? Provided the Bill of Rights Federal Concepts (Divides Nation and State) Education State Religion Q: How did the constitution under Tejas in Mexico influence the current constitution? Separate Executive, Legislative, and Judicial authority (Division of Powers Q: What constitution did Texas draft when it seceded from the union? The Confederate Constitution of 1861 Q: What caused the adoption of the Texas constitution of 1845? When Texas became the 28 state in the Union Q: What powers was given to the governor in the constitution of 1845? Appoint the Attorney General, Secretary of State, and Supreme and District Court Judges Q: What are the provisions of a Confederate Constitution? Replaced references to the United States Emphasized the constitutionality of slavery Asserted states’ rights Q: What were the requirements for Texas to be readmitted into the Union? Reject Secession Accept that the U.S. wouldn’t pay for Confederate debt Reject laws passed under Confederacy Submit state constitutions acceptable to U.S. Constitution Adopt the 13 , 14 , and 15 amendment Q: What educational policies were included in the constitution of 1869? Compulsory School Attendance They begin to track how many days students were in class and were absent Q: How did the constitution of 1876 change the Texas legislature? After many years in which the Republican Party ruled the Democratic Party gained control Texas Legislatures begin to get low-wages Q: How many articles are in the Texas constitution excluding the preamble? 17 Q: What was the effect of the framers ideas on the current constitution? Very difficult to understand Vague Long-winded Q: What did the framers devote to in the Texas Constitution? Considerable time and space due to populism Q: How did the Bill of Rights in the Texas Constitution differ from the Bill of Rights in the federal constitution? The Texas Constitution includes voting rights and voting qualifications Q: How did the framers of the constitution denote separation of powers? Prohibited one individual from exercising powers over one branch This separation of powers prohibited a control Q: How much focus did the framers give the legislative branch in the constitution? Much as it is the longest out of the legislative, executive, and judicial branch Q: Article IV outlines how many executive offices in the constitution? Seven Q: What was the purpose of the Texas constitution making six of the seven offices elected in the executive branch? Divided authority and dispersed the executive branch’s ability to actively govern Q: What kind of courts did the Texas constitution establish? Court of Appeals Supreme Court District Courts Commissioner’s Courts Courts of Justices of the Peace Q: How is the Texas judiciary chosen? Elected by the people Q: What were the framers trying to achieve when they established fiscal responsibilities in Article VIII (eight) of the constitution? Limited ability to raise taxes Q: What is the purpose of an amendment? To address policy issues Deal with important issues and principles Address new situations or events that come up Q: What is the average rate of a proposed amendment being ratified? By 2014, 665 amendments were proposed in which 483 were ratified On average for every nine amendments proposed seven were ratified Q: What was the outcome of the constitutional convention during 1974-1975? rd In 1974 at the 63 Legislature after meeting for 150 days the convention failed by three votes In 1975 at the 64 Legislature eight amendments were approved, but were overwhelmingly defeated by voters Q: What is the cultural and historical basis of the Texas Constitution? Government regulation of economic and social relationships Schools were centralized Combination of many of the things that were granted in the first six constitutions
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