Phil 103 Lecture Notes 1
Phil 103 Lecture Notes 1 Philosophy 103
Popular in Intro to Ethics
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Pamfilis on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 103 at Towson University taught by Dobin Choi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Intro to Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Maddie Pamfilis Phil 103-17 Dobin Choi Introduction to Ethics Notes 1 Lecture Notes (2/2/2016): What is Philosophy? The love of wisdom Ph. D. = a doctor of philosophy o Philo- (love): philanthropic, philharmonic, Philadelphia (the city of brotherly love) o Sophia (wisdom): sophisticated, sophist o Wisdom: the greatest of the four cardinal virtues in Greek philosophy Doctor (to teach): doctorate degree is a license to teach Liberal Arts: arts (technique) for a free person o "Ars longa, vita brevis" Art is long, life is short o Free for an active role in civic life: debate, jury, defend o Arts for an unfree person (slave sciences= episteme) o Three divisions of rational thought in Greek philosophy: Technique (technē) Practice (praxis) Theory (theorÍa) What are the objects of wisdom? (trivia, trivial) o Trivium: three ways; the lower division of the liberal arts The objects are humans and their faculties with a first person perspective ("I" as a human) Grammar: the art of (symbolic) language Logic: the art of thinking (reasoning) Rhetoric: the art of defense and persuasion o Quadrivium: four ways; the upper division of the liberal arts The object is to study nature, the kosmos, and the external world Arithmetic: the theory of numbers Music: the theory of the proportions of numbers Geometry: the theory of shape and space Astronomy: the theory of celestial space Philosophia et septem artes liberalis (Hortus Deliciarium) o Seven liberal arts surrounding philosophy 2 pillars of philosophy o Metaphysics: philosophical inquiry on the external world and the universe o Epistemology: on forming certain knowledge and the true belief in the mind Metaphysics: the characteristics of nature and the external world (physics) o The being as it is, its existence (metaphysics) o Meta- (means after) o Ontology: on- (being) -logos (theory)
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