KINE 250 Week 3 Notes
KINE 250 Week 3 Notes KINE 250
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by i_carley on Wednesday February 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KINE 250 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Silva, Andrew Grant in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Healthy Living in Kinesiology at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 02/03/16
Healthy Living Week 3 Mental Health and College Students 1/19/16 Common disorders among students are mood disorders and anxiety disorders Mental health challenges/obstacles are common among college students because: o 1. Its common for AGE group o 2. Extremely stressful environment o they are increasing because it’s getting more competitive and we are getting more information that we must retain Most common are also personality disorders and schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Mood disorders include major depression, dysthymic disorder, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder Chronic mood disorders are disorders that affect how you feel, such as sadness or feelings of euphoria Major symptoms of depression: o (Sudden) sadness or despair o loss of motivation and interest (sudden loss of interest in something that was previously important) o preoccupied with failures o difficulty concentrating o loss of sex drive o sleeping too little or too much o withdrawal from friends and family o diminished or increased appetite o significant weight loss or weight gain Major or clinical depression is severe depression that entrails chronic mood disorder, physical effects such as sleep disturbance and exhaustion, and mental effects such as the inability to concentrate Depression in college students: o College is a difficult transition o Of college students, 11.3% report having been diagnosed with depression Dysthymic disorder o Less severe type of depression o Can be harder to recognize o Rapid personality changes include fatigue, pessimism, or a short temper Bipolar disorder o Also known as manic depression, alternating mania and depression Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) o Type of depression that occurs in the winter months, when sunlight levels are low What causes mood disorders? o An interaction between multiple factors: biological differences, hormones, inherited traits, life events, and early childhood trauma o Some have a genetic component o Can be triggered by serious loss and severe life events Anxiety disorders o Mental challenges characterized by persistent feelings of threat and worry in coping with everyday problems o #1 mental health problem in the US, affecting more than 21.3% of adults Generalized anxiety disorder (general anxiety) Panic disorders: acute panic attacks that bring on an intense physical reaction Phobic fears: specific fears Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): compelled to perform rituals over and over again Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): occurs possibly in people who have witnessed a traumatic event (natural disaster, serious accident, combat) What causes anxiety disorder? o Biology: some scientists trace the origin to the brain o Environment: can be a learned response o Social and cultural roles: i.e. social pressures/expectations Personality disorders Characterized by inflexible patterns of thoughts and beliefs that lead to socially distressing behavior Narcissistic personality disorder: o An exaggerated sense of self-importance and self-absorption Anti-social personality disorder: o Fearful and consider oneself unable to interact with others Borderline personality disorder is characterized by impulsiveness and risky behavior such as gambling sprees, unsafe sex, drug use, and daredevil driving Schizophrenia o Affects 1% of US population o Characterized by alterations of the senses o Inability to sort incoming stimuli and make appropriate responses o Altered sense of self o Radical changes in emotions, movements, and behaviors Suicide: giving up on life th o 4 lndding cause of death for 5-14 year olds o 2 leading cause of death for 15-24 year olds o recently became the leading cause of death for college students Warning signs of suicide: o Recent loss and seeming inability to let go of grief o History of depression o Change in personality, such as sadness, withdrawal, irritability, anxiety o Change in behavior, such as inability to concentrate, loss of interest o Sexual dysfunction o Expression of self-hatred o Changes in sleeping or eating o Direct/indirect statements about suicide o Final preparations o Preoccupations with death themes o Marked change in personal appearance Preventing suicide o Monitor warning signs o Take threats seriously o Let the person know you care about them o Listen o Ask them directly o Do not belittle the person’s feelings o Help the person think about alternatives to suicide o Talk to their spouse, partner, parents, siblings, counselor, etc. Part 2 Stress 1/21/16 Stress management video and worksheet (online) will be on the midterm Stress-mental and physical response and adaptation responding to real or perceived change and challenges/threats (different for everyone) Stressor-any real or perceived physical, social, or psychological event or stimulus that causes our bodies to react to stress Eustress-positive stress, presents opportunities for personal growth Distress-negative stress that can have a detrimental effect on health Acute stress-short term physiological response to an immediate or perceived threat Episodic or acute stress-occurs when regularly reacting with wild, acute stress about something Chronic stress-ongoing, no break, no downtime, no change for body to reset, constant state of reaction to a stressor Traumatic stress-physiological and mental response, happened once with long-lasting effects (PTSD) Homeostasis-body’s neutral state, not very realistic, but the body wants to be there o Stressors trigger a crisis mode physiological response, after which the body tries to return to homeostasis using an adaptive response General adaptation syndrome: o 1. Alarm stage-stressor disrupts body stability, temporarily lowering resistance Flight or fight response Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) is triggered by cerebral cortex 2 branches: Sympathetic branch: turns everything on (digestion stops) Parasympathetic branch: turns everything off o 2. Resistance stage-adaptation resources are mobilized to combat stressor o Exhaustion stage-body runs out of adaption energy stores for adjusting to stressor, and resistance drops below normal Lifetime effects of stress o Cardiovascular disease (leading cause of death in US) Long term stress impacts heart-rate, blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. Stress is one of the key modifiable risk factors for heart attacks o Stress increases cortisol which leads to dramatic weight gain or loss o Alcohol dependence (coping mechanism) o Hair loss o Digestive problems o Impaired immunity Too much stress over a long period of time can negatively affect various aspects of cellular immune response o Type 2 Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes: Genetic Juvenile You either have it or you don’t Autoimmune disease and patient has no control over it No cure, only insulin injections Body can’t produce insulin 5% of diabetes cases in US Type 2 Diabetes (caused by stress): 100% behavioral/lifestyle choices result of poor diet, lack of exercise not genetic can come at any age insulin resistance 100% reversible 95% of diabetes cases in US Intellectual Effects of Stress: o 5% of people say they felt overwhelmed in the past 2 weeks o 48% said they felt exhausted o 20% felt overwhelmed by anxiety Stress, memory, and concentration o Acute stress can impair short-term memory Causes of stress: Psychosocial (psychological and social) o Adjustment to change o Hassles: little things that bug you o Toll of relationships o Academic and financial pressure o Frustrations and conflict o Overload o Stressful environments o Bias and discrimination Internal stressors o Appraisal and stress Appraisal helps us recognize and evaluate stress based on past experiences and emotions (makes everyone different) o Self esteem and self efficacy Self esteem=self-confidence Self efficacy=belief or confidence in skills or performance abilities o Internal stressors are often the most impactful and damaging (nobody is as hard on you as yourself) o Type A personality Hard driving, competitive, time-driven perfectionists at increased risk for heart disease o Type B personality Relaxed, non-competitive, more tolerant o Nobody is completely type A or type B o Type C personality Stoic, tend to deny feelings, conforming, lack assertiveness o Type D personality Exhibit excessive negative worry, irritability, and gloom, and socially inhibited 8 TIMES MORE LIKELY TO DIE PREMATURELY