Topic 1 Science & GY
Topic 1 Science & GY GY 102
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Conner Jones on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GY 102 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mary Pitts in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see Earth System Processes in Geography at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Geography Topic 1 Science And GY January 19 2016 Geography science of the relationships among natural systems geographic areas society cultural activities and the interdependence of all these over space Geomorphology origin evolution form classi cation and spatial distribution of landforms ls geography a new science No It has been around forever What is science Systematic enterprise Builds and organizes knowledge Forms testable explanations Allows predictions Special themes Location where Place unique nature tangiblenon tangible livingnon living Movement global interdependence Region area with uniform character HumanEarth relationships January 212016 Some theories Catastrophism biblical everything can be explained by a catastrophe in the bible o Georges Cuvier Uniformitarianism quotpresent is key to pastquot earth constantly changes 0 James Hutton 0 Charles Lyell Evolution 0 Charles Darwin Creationists everything on earth was created by God and never evolved Intelligent Design life as we know it today had to be created by a higher authority What questions do we ask Where is it located 0 Why is it located there 0 How and why are places different 0 How do people interact with their environment Answer Spatial Data Steps What was investigateddiscovered Observation Gasoline in groundwater Questions from observation Is it from leak in buried tank Proposed explanations Test water From tanknot from tank Collect data to test Leakno leak wrong type of gasoline in predictions tank Conclusion From tankcontamination is from elsewhere Types of data 1 Qualitative descriptions like colors textures smell taste etc 2 Quantitative numbers like length height temperature area volume time etc January 26 2016 Earth s 4 spheresenergy and matter exchange 0 Lithosphere solid portion of the earth ground 0 Movements weathering physical amp chemical erosion and transport deposition deposited burial deformation and metamorphism uplift Biosphere regions of earth occupied by living organisms Hydrosphere extends into other three spheres made up of the water 0 Clouds and precipitation rainfall glaciers ocean currents lakes streams groundwater Atmosphere gasses surrounding the earth like clouds Systems ordered interrelate set of things Subsystems 0 Dynamic Matterenergy storedreceived 0 Energy transformed from one type to another Types of systems 0 Open system energy andor matter move inout Closed system no exchange of energymatter with surroundings 0 Earth both an open sunlightenergy and closed no exchange of matter system 0 Tree open system gas in and out What does science do 0 Provides objective information to people and their institutions Allows them to make own value judgements based off information 0 Awareness that human activity causes environmental change Future of geography Environmental changes 0 Rate of change 0 Increased pressure 0 Global interdependence Increased environmental awareness
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