Lecture 1 - Intro to Social Psychology
Lecture 1 - Intro to Social Psychology PSYC 2012
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2012 at George Washington University taught by Stock, M in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Leslie Ogu PSYC 2012 01/11/2016 Intro to Social Psychology What’s Social Psychology? ➢ Psychology : study of human thoughts and behavior ➢ Social Psychology : study of how human thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others (real or imagined) Social Psychology Emphasis ➢ Social Influence ○ The effect that the words, actions, or more presence of other people have on our thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or behavior ➢ Power of the Social Situation ○ Tendency to ignore situational or social explanations for behavior ○ Focus on personality people’s assumptions of a person’s personality ➢ Importance of CognitiveEmotion (how you feel about yourself) ➢ The applicability of social psychological principles ○ how it applies to society and our lives ○ different backgrounds, cultures, environments, experiences, etc Underestimating the Power of Social Influence ➢ These are the different aspects of the social situation that may seem minor but can have powerful effects, overwhelming the differences in people’s personalities ➢ Social and environmental situations can be so powerful that they have strong effects on most people Social Psychology v. Sociology ➢ In sociology, societal groups are studied, with varying sizes ➢ In social psychology, social situation effects on an individual are studied ➢ Both study how people behave in groups Social Psychology v. Personality Psychology ➢ Personality psychologists study private internal functioning and differences between individuals ➢ Social psychologists study how people affect one another in general ➢ Both study individuals Research Methods ➢ Research Findings ○ People usually have 1 of 2 reactions to social psychology: ■ They wouldn’t do the specified thing ■ The outcome was obvious ○ Hindsight is 20/20 ■ Hindsight Bias: once you know the outcome, it’s easy to predict Social Psychology is Scientific ➢ Social psychologists use the scientific method to testheories ○ They gather evidence about human behavior through: ■ Observational Research (will be discussed next class) ■ Experimental Research (will be discussed next class) ■ Survey Research (correlational) ○ Scientific Method ■ Observe “interesting” data ■ Develop theories or explanations ● theory : a set of related assumptions or explanations about a phenomena (why and under what condition it occurs) ● a t estable hypothesis is drawn or implied from this ■ Develop hypothesis ● a testable prediction ■ Design study ■ Collect and analyze data ■ Refine or replicate theory and publicize data (*best research is those that can be replicated) Observational Research ➢ Observe and record behavior that is occurring naturally and in a natural setting ○ Ex(s): kids at school ➢ Describes social behavior ➢ Strength(s): study behaviors in the natural context ➢ Weakness(es): participant reactivity (if they know they are being observed, it can create issues with them acting natural), subjectivity of researcher (if there is only one), uncontrolled settings (many influences acting on things at once) ○ Addressing Limitations ■ Participant Reactivity participant observation ■ Subjectivity of Researcher have more than one researcher who can possibly independently observe and/or code a set of data
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