CL 113 Week 1 Day 2
CL 113 Week 1 Day 2 CL 113LEC
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
January 29th Mythend of 19th century20th century 0 Sound change is regular if a sound is going to change then it s going to change in the same way 1500 AD Above this ine there was modern English 0 Great Vowel Shift collective changes in language all vowels that could change did change and changed in the same ways 0 Ex i underwent a change from sounding like e to l a o EDIDUDo regular process 0 This is why we can work backwards through time to reconstruct earlier forms of language Ferdinand de Saussure Swiss by birth 0 Learned how to comparereconstruct languages 0 Professor at University of Geneva 0 Linguistics dept wants to change what they offer to focus on how language works 0 Has to develop this new course 0 A Course in General Linguistics 0 Term that came to be applied that he developed 0 The study of how language works at any given moment 0 Focused on the structures of language o It doesn t matter what constants you use for language it just matters that you have different ones so that you can create meaning Semantic structure 0 Any word in the language means what any word in the language does not mean 0 O Founding document of structuralism Structuralism o A method of analysis in which the central tenant position is that the signi cance of individual hearts of a structure is determined by their position within the structure 0 One word means what every word does not mean Karcevski 1917 0 Was a student in Geneva with Saussure O O O Went back to Russia due to Revolution Brought back ideas of structure Developed in Russia at Russian Formalism Scholars in Moscow were using the structure to analyze language Petrograd took the structural ideas and applied them to the study of literature Morphology of the Folk Tale most important work that came out of Russian Formalism 0 Written by Vladimir Propp o Says you can look around the world and collect all the folk tales and analyze them you will nd that they all have the same underlying structure 0 The underlying structure consists of a sequence of functions units 0 De nition of function is an action performed by some character 0 Goes up until at least function 31 they are all the same just the actor performing the function differs 0 You can delete functions but you cant rearrange func ons Function 1 0 An initial situation is presented 0 Once upon a time in a far away kingdom Function 2 0 Family member leaves home Function 3 o Interdiction is addressed to the hero 0 Negative command is given to the heroic character 0 Don t open the box don t look into the mirror Function 4 o Violation of the interdiction o The box is opened The idea of structureliterature expanded across Europe especially eastern France 0 19505 took hold of structuralism Claude LeviStrauss Collected anthropological data about myths Wants to use structuralism to analyze myths 1955 he publishes The Structural Study of Myth to show how to use it to analyze myth Believes every myth has structural units 0 Mythemes 0 Structural units that every myth consists of o Phonemes gave him the idea for Mythemes Has its own constituent parts 0 De nition a bundle of relations distinctive features 0 Determined by how the mythemes are structured in respect to the other mythemes Uses the myth of Oedipus to show us how in order to understand the meaning of a myth you must understand mythemes and pay attention to how they are arranged 4 mythemes that make up Oedipus Each mytheme has its own internal consitutents that has its own bundle of relations Mytheme 1 Bundle of 3 relations Cadmus looks for Europa Oedipus weds Jocasta Antigone buries Polynices her brother though the king forbids it common denominator too much intimacyoverrating of blood relations Mytheme 2 Spartoi slay one another Oedipus kills Laius etc common denominator too little intimacy underrating of blood relations contradicts mytheme 1 Mytheme 3 cadimus slays dragon and Oedipus slays Sphinx by Oedipus slaying the monster Thebes will be saved common denominator uniting the relations autochthonous origin of humanity it is the earth itself that gives birth to humans Mytheme 4 af rmation of autochthonous origin of humans is the common denominator contradicts mytheme 3 Plus minus relationship Overall they are all about familiespeople 1 and 2 contradict 3 and 4 1amp2 people come from people experience 3amp4 people come from the earthground belief Even within the realm of experience there is contradiction this allows us to come to grip with the contradiction of theory and expenence
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