CL 113 Week 1 Lecture 3
CL 113 Week 1 Lecture 3 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 189 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Lecture 3: Feb 1 st Autochthonous: from the ground itself Autochthonous origins of human Georges Dumezil Said that PIE were the fundamental cultural characteristic and is the perception of society as being divided into 3 parts Tripartite – the three elements of society; society perceives itself ideally as consisting of these elements o Priests- first function o Warriors- 2 ndfunction rd o Goods producers- 3 function He called these three categories –functions Hierarchal ranked Evidence for this is the cast system of India He said to look at other PIE cultures backwards Look at the Romans o 15 priests co-exist o There were 12 minor Flamens o There were 3 major Flamens o Each flamens serves one deity o Flamen Dialis- Jupiter o Flamen Martialis: Martial flamen who serves the martial god- Mars is the god he serves o Flamen Quirnalis- serves Quirinus 1935- Wrote a book called Flamen-Brahman Latin word Flamen and the Sanskrit word Brahman have a similar origin that came from PIE Cognate- used to identify words in sibling origins that have a common origin in the parent language specifically this kind of relationship Says you can reconstruct a proto language by comparing the words that gave rise to Latin Flamen and Sanskirt Brahman o B ^h lag ^h s-men Eventually develops into proto italic which can eventually be developed into something else and so on Flags-men is the reconstructed pre-latin form that we have to pass through to get to the final stage of flamen o Critics find this stage bothersome Evidence: focus on Flamen Dialis and find that there are undeniable similarities with Brahmans Their common restrictions: o Flamen Dialis cannot be forced to swear an oath, in India a Brahman cannot be forced to testify as a witness o FD cannot look upon the army, Brahman cannot conduct religious rights in the vicinity of a battle o FD cannot ride a horse/touch a horse, Brahman cannot undertake religious study/contemplate on the Vedas while riding on a horse o FD cannot approach a funeral pyre (place where a body is being burned/cremation), Brahman cannot come in contact with smoke from a pyre; Brahman cannot conduct his religious rights in vicinity of a funeral procession o FD cannot ingest any fermented substances (cannot eat bread that has yeast in it) and cannot drink wine, Brahman is forbidden from ingesting alcoholic beverages o FD cannot rub his body with oil outdoors, Brahman can put oil on his head, but that oil cannot touch any other part of his body o FD cannot have contact with uncooked meat, Brahman cannot ingest meat (except for meat that is offered as a sacrifice to a god) o FD cannot touch a dog/cannot even say the word dog (Canis is the Latin word for dog), Brahman cannot contemplate the Vedas while he hears a dog barking o FD cannot disrobe completely, same with Brahman o FD has a wife named faminica dialis and she serves the god Jupiter and performs certain ritual functions; she’s not permitted to climb a ladder, use a stair case (unless its completely enclosed), because no one is permitted to see beneath her robes o Brahmani- brahman wife – not permitted to show husband complete disrobed o FD and Brahman cannot be executed for any crime o To assault a FD is the most serious crime o To kill a Brahman is the worst of all sins o FD cannot leave Rome o FD cannot be absent from his bed for 3 days FD can pardon criminals
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