CL 113 Lecture 6 Feb 8
CL 113 Lecture 6 Feb 8 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Lecture 6 Feb. 8 New Triad of Deities after Founding of Rome Jupiter Juno (Female) Minerva (Female) Two of the deities being female are non-Proto Indo European looking Power relationships have changed Who influenced this change in the new triad? Greeks had great influence on Romans Greek god equivalence: o Jupiter- = Zeus o Juno-= Hera o Minvera= Athena Pausanias 2 ndcentury A.D. - traveled to Phocis o In a temple he discovered that they worshipped Zeus, Hera, Athena Evidence that Greek influence caused the change in the new triad is not strong Etruscans had enormous influence on Romans Rome was once ruled by Etruscan kings o During this time we believe that the triad had changed Etruscans o Non-Indo-European o It is very hard to read their documents Rhaetic o Spoken in the mountains of Italy o Closely related to Etruscan language Lemnian o Spoken in Lemnos (Island in Aegean) o Also closely related to Etruscan language There is an ancient idea that Etruscan’s came from Asia minor, but little evidence to prove it By 7 century B.C. we find evidence that proves that Etruscans live by Rome, thus proving they had enormous influence Temple of Jupiter Optimus (best) Maximus (greatest) on Capitoline Hill o Tells us that Jupiter, Juno, Minerva are worshipped as a triad o Therefore we call them the Capitoline Triad o Thus, the Indo-European triad is referred to as the Pre-Capitoline Triad Aeneas Half mortal o Son of Aphrodite and a mortal man Anchises Creusa (his Trojan wife) Ascanius (his son) Trojan (comes from Troy) o Great warrior Trojan War After 10 years of war, the Greeks suddenly leave o The Greeks left them a giant Trojan Horse The Greeks were in the horse and slaughter them in their sleep Aeneas escapes with his father and his son o Ends up in Italy o Encounters Latinus (Latin King) o The king has a daughter named Lavinia o Aeneas marries Lavinia o Names a city after her- Lavinium o Aeneas later dies killed by Etruscans His son, Ascanius, establishes a city named Alba Longa Numitor o Rightful king of Alba Longa is forced from the throne by his evil brother o He has sons so Amulius kills them because he doesn’t want them to take the throne either o Amulius takes the throne Aka this is the story of Lion King Rhea Silvia o Daughter of Numitor that is sent away by Amulius to become a Vestal Virgin o So there is no chance she can have offspring to take the throne o Gives birth to twins conceived with Mars- Romulus and Remus Romulus and Remus o Amulius takes the twins and puts them in a box into the Tiber River o A Wolf finds the babies and nurses them Close association between a wolf and a warrior They are brought food by a woodpecker (the bird of Mars) o One day they are found by a Sheppard, Faustulus o Larentia and Faustulus become their foster parents Reading Quiz answers: Iguvine Tablets are written in Umbrian language In the purification of the Fisian Mount offerings are made to Jupiter Grabovius Vofionus occupies a position in the Iguvine triad symmetrical to Quirinus Roman author Cato preserves a prayer to Mars for protection of crops and flocks The Suovetaurilia is the sacrifice of a pig, sheep, and bull
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