CO 2413 - Week 1 and 2 Class Notes
CO 2413 - Week 1 and 2 Class Notes CO 2413
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claire Bryan on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 2413 at Mississippi State University taught by Phillip Poe in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Intro News Writing in Journalism and Mass Communications at Mississippi State University.
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Almost no time left on the clock and my grade on the line. Where else would I go? Claire has the best notes period!
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Date Created: 02/04/16
CO 2314 January 13, 2016 - Writing well What makes it good? • Flows • Details • Master language • Good GSP • No excess Characteristics of good writing 1. Efficiency - use the minimum number of words to get to the point 2. Precision – does exactly what it is supposed to do and no unintended consequences 3. Clarity – easy to understand, leaves no room for confusion 4. Modesty – not boastful with intelligence, cause the reader to feel informed instead of ignorant Reporting & Writing - Must know the rules of good language, know grammar and be proficient - Know your subject – you must understand so that your readers understand - Edit and rewrite – self-discipline, read own writing critically/analytically (practice by reading other work critically – how to write it differently), cannot be afraid to suggest changes or accept your writing could be improved Tips & Suggestions - Write simply – key to clarity - Write with someone in mind - Be brief - Avoid jargon o May report the information but also must explain to reader - Pacing Why is writing for the media different from academic writing? – Mass audience • Wide variety of subjects and use various formats • Writing: to inform, entertain, or persuade • In news writing, important to give facts and issues, not persuade January 20, 2016 – The Basics of Writing - Writing in not necessarily natural talent – it’s hard work, and may seem tedious - Writing is a process, it evolves - Find out what works best for you and practice it often - Avoid the use of pronouns (he, she, it, they) because of ambiguity o Use replacement nouns - Prepositions – orientation (time, distance, location), help with details Commas • Should be used for clarity • Series/lists, introductory phrases or time elements, Agreement • Verbs and subjects must agree in number • Memorize/pay attention to exceptions Active and Passive voice • Refer to the way in which verbs are used • Active voice = emphasis on the doer of the action • Passive voce = puts the action on the object and hides the doer • ALWAYS ACTIVE • Improves efficiency January 25, 2016 – Essential Elements What does every good news story need? • Who? • Where? • What? • Why? • When? (Typically • How? current/recent) News values (determine which story is newsworthy) 1. Impact – information has impact if it affects many people 2. Timeliness – information has timeliness if it happened recently a. “Newsweek” = anything in the past week b. Daily newspaper = the previous day c. FOX, CNN, etc. = same day, 3 hour period, currently happening d. Blogs, websites = constant new content 3. Prominence – information has prominence if it involves a well-known person or organization a. Mississippi State, Air Force base, large employee companies b. Dan Mullen, Dak Prescott, Mark Keenum, Air Force captain, etc. 4. Proximity – information has proximity if it involves something that happened somewhere nearby 5. Conflict – information has conflict if it involves some kind of disagreement between two or more people a. Look for the tension and how the average person is affected b. Good democracy involves more civil conflicts over public policy 6. Currency (not $) – information has currency if it related to some general topic a lot of people are already talking about 7. Oddity – information has oddity if it involves something unusual or strange a. People are interested in out of the ordinary b. What do people want to read about? i. Other people ii. Animals 8. Emotion – information has emotion it takes into account human interests
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