CO 2413 Week 3 Notes
CO 2413 Week 3 Notes CO 2413
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claire Bryan on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 2413 at Mississippi State University taught by Phillip Poe in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Intro News Writing in Journalism and Mass Communications at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
February 1, 2016 – Writing News Stories Inverted pyramid: • Essential Information: topic of main point of the article is identified in the lead. Most of who, what, where, why, how, questions are answered o One sentence, one paragraph, 35 words or less • Background and elaboration: ideas that support and elaborate upon the man idea are presented. o Essential information and provides necessary background information key to understanding • Non-essential Extension Information: information can be cropped without compromising the meaning of the story o Details that you include, but could live without Lead • Most essential of the essential elements • 30-35 words of fewer • Example: Three people died in a horribly fatal car accident today. The accident occurred at 2 p.m., according to witnesses, when a blue Taurus traveling south on Telegraph Road hit the side of the bus full of tourists traveling east on Ford Road. After hitting the bus… o A fatal car accident killed three people after a Taurus hit a tour bus at Telegraph Road and Ford Road at 2 p.m. today. o Three people died in a fiery car accident this afternoon at the intersection of Ford Road and Telegraph Road. • Example: A Blue Mountain College student is suing the university for $600,000 after his suspension for plagiarism. o A student is suing Blue Mountain College for $600,00 after being suspended for plagiarism ▯ A delayed identification – saving the name for the next paragraph (name is not what is news worthy when the name is not well-known) • News 2: unknown in news 2 is the name of the band, use other details to describe them (indie rock band from Hattiesburg) Type of conclusions • Quotation conclusion o Uses a direct quotation to end the story (typically from the primary source) • Tie-back conclusion o Links to the lead • More information conclusion o Provides detailed information (stories can usually go without it) • Future action conclusion o Most used in crime, legal stories Attribution – using sources, giving credit - Use of “said” for attribution is standard o Last name + said o No confusion or judgment o We can add details - Always use noun/verb in simple situations o “get this right,” Ramirez said. - Use verb/noun with a descriptive phrase o “Get this right,” said Ramirez, a ten-year veteran. - Avoid buried quote, late attribution o Clarity, someone else’s opinion o Buried: any words before quote o Imbed attribution February 3, 2016 - News 1: Event Preview Inverted pyramid - format for writing a news story What are you previewing? • What is the “news”? o Event, where, when o “The student activities board is hosting a battle of the bands, a musical competition, where and when.” • What do people need to know? o Give the audience the information they need to decide if they want to go o What types of bands will be in it o Tell what battle of the bands is (a musical competition (put in the lead)) • 150-225 words o approx. 1-1 ½ pages • Use at least one source and one direct quote o Introduce a source and quote them. ▯ End with “this is my favorite event” ▯ Include band member talking about their experience last year • Choose a conclusion o Quotation, more info, future action, tie-back Attribution 1. Direct Quote a. They should be saying unique to them or say something in a unique way. - Information with the most impact 2. Shorter Quote/Paraphrase a. Usually, the attribution at the beginning of the paraphrased graphs: a. Boren said he believed cooperation… b. No comma after “said” use here. i. The NPR website reported a 27… ii. According to the NPR website, the… iii. “Reported” and “according to” for documents only c. Avoid html language Foreshadowing Paraphrase Before you quote: • Who they are • Why you should care about what they say o ex. “Shayla Smith, Campus Activities Board Director” • Preview the quote, summarize o Ex. “The Kent County judge said he and other officials have a two-fold interest in lake negotiations.” - then quote o “We do not want water for the Lake Alan Henry Water District,” Judge Jim White said, “and, of course, the development around the lake will increase taxable value to our county.” • Use of the quote within a quote • Reintroducing a source - do not repeat full names in stories o Last names only once introduced - put sources on equal playing field • Duplicated surnames • Students: MUST tell first and last name, hometown, classification, major o Doesn’t have to be all at once o Tell why their opinion counts
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