Global Geography Week 4 Notes
Global Geography Week 4 Notes GEOG 1010 - 003
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GEOG 1010 - 003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 222 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Global Geography Notes Week 4 February 2-4 February 2, 16 Antarctica- has a temporary population- mostly scientists who are there for research. Coldest and driest place of earth. Technically Antarctica is a desert- the driest desert of earth- there is no snowfall there. Treat of Antarctica- no country can claim Antarctica territory. No military exercises can take place there. Antarctica is meant to be used for research purposes only. Certain economic activities are prohibited (no drilling for oil). Chile- Wealthiest country in Latin America. Signed the treaty but has claimed part of Antarctica. Augusto Pinochet was a sitting official visited territory in Antarctica. Chile has a stamp that shows their piece of Antarctica in order to legitimize it. Argentina- also created stamps to legitimate their claim but went a step further- sent a pregnant woman to give birth here. Economic Geography of Latin America Dollarization- (Ecuador, El Salvador, Panama) When countries adopt the US dollars. Panama was the first to do this- they remained afloat because they had a stable currency. When Ecuador and El Salvador were struggling they turned to the US dollar. Costa Rica- they have always relied on Agriculture (bananas were one of their main exports). However, when they started moving away from agriculture they started to improve. They have been one of the most stable countries in Latin America- they got to focus on education, healthcare, and economic stability. With an educated population companies like Intel and pharmaceutical companies have moved there. This has highly improved their GDP. Maquiladora- assembly plants in Mexico where parts of a product are sent, assembled, and then sent back to the US. Because of NAFTA it has become more cost effective to do this. The Maquiladoras are concentrated along the border (especially near California and Texas) Venezuela- Hugo Chavez- antagonistic towards the US- he was a Bolivarian Socialist- meaning he wanted South America to rely on itself. Nicolas Maduro was his successor who carried on these beliefs but he was not as aggressive toward anti-American involvement. Why does this matter for economics? Oil from Citgo is coming from Venezuela- They found a huge oil reserve off the Coast (made them bigger than Saudi Arabia). Brazil- one of the biggest producers of sugar cane- made this into fuel- made them one of the biggest Ethanol producers in the world. Made them energy independent. Colombia- the informal sector is a large part of their economy- Drug Economy- multi-million dollar business. Coca Cultivation and leaf production- often grown in Peru and Bolivia- but most of the production takes place in Columbia. Medellin Cartel and Cali Cartel- late 70 early 80s the Cali Cartel went against Pablo Escobar. Cocaine Trafficking- the path went through the Caribbean Mexican Drug War- a war between Mexican Cartels to control the trade route. When the Columbian Cartels weakened this is when the Mexican Cartel wars broke out. Many drug related murders have occurred and have even bled into the US. The two main Mexican Cartels- Sinaloa and Los Zetas (main control of the east). South Pacific Physical Geography Australia- largest territory, GDP comparable to US, largest population. Most of Australia’s population is concentrated in the east. The Outback- defined as all the non-urban area of Australia. The rain patterns are what dictate population. Perth- one of the most isolated cities in the world. Great Barrier Reef- economic activity is very limited in order to protect the reefs. Tasmania- Tasmanian Devil- relatively cold and has snowfall. New Zealand- Made up two primary islands- North Island and South Island. South Island is bigger but less inhabited- a bit more rugged because of mountains and cooler temperature. North Island- smaller, warmer, more populated. Wellington and Auckland and two of the most livable cities in the world. New Zealand is known for its sheep industry and agriculture.
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