New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 3 notes

by: Camah Whitacre

Chapter 3 notes SO101E

Camah Whitacre

GPA 3.2

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Intro to sociology
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Camah Whitacre on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO101E at Emporia State University taught by Westfall in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to sociology in Sociology at Emporia State University.


Reviews for Chapter 3 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/04/16
Chapter 3 Sociology notes Culture  The book: the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors and material objects passed from one generation to the next.  Or… a complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a society.  Or… learned and shared ways of believing and doing.  Or… Culture is the unique lens which we view the world through. Hardware & Software  Material Culture (Hardware): Tangible items that are inherent to a society and are given meaning by it.  Non-material culture (software): customs, beliefs and ways of thinking about the world. Where does culture come from?  Without language  Without ideas of “morality”  Nationality  Race/ethnicity  Style/preference  Republican/democrat Culture and Taken-for-granted Orientations  What is normal, natural, or usual?  The culture within us  Culture as lens  Culture shock  Ethnocentrism Components of Symbolic Culture  Symbol is something to which people attach meaning  Gestures Symbols & symbolic culture  Symbolic culture: material and non-material culture that communicates social information.  Can include: gestures, languages, values, norms. Sanctions, folkways, and mores. Gestures  Using ones body to communicate with others.  Meanings of gestures vary across cultures. Language  How can language create and reinforce culture? o Creates and transmits meaning o Defines group membership Values, Norms and Sanctions  Social Values: ideas of what is desirable  Social Norms: rules of behavior that develop out of group/cultural values.  Social sanctions: the reaction people get for complying with, defying social norms. Folkways, Mores, and Taboos  Folkways: Expectations that are not enforced consistently.  Deviation form a folkway is not usually considered a serious threat to social organization and is thus sanctioned less severely than moral deviation.  Mores: are often considered essential core values-may be codified in law  Moral judgments that define wrong/right behavior, the allowed and the disallowed, what is wanted and not wanted within a culture.  A violation of mores is usually considered by society as a threat to social organization and harshly sanctioned.  Taboo: strongly prohibited/banned against words, objects, actions, discussions, or people that are considered undesirable/offensive.  Breaking a taboo is usually considered repulsive and abhorrent.  Often prohibited by law and severe punishments as well as embarrassment and shame. Sanctions  Positive sanction: reward for observing a norm  Negative sanction: expresses disapproval for breaking a norm Subcultures  a group of people with distinctive values and culture embedded within larger social spheres.  Subcultures are not necessarily at odds with the social values of society at large. Countercultures  Groups whose values are at odds with the dominant culture Practicing cultural relativism: Nacirema  Practices  Beliefs  Norms  Culture Values, Norms, and Sanctions  Values – what is desirable in life  Norms – expectations or rules for behavior  Sanctions – reaction to following or breaking norms o Positive sanctions o Negative sanctions Countercultures  Subculture – a world within the dominant culture o Countercultures – groups with norms and values at odds with the dominant culture Values in U.S. Society  Achievement and success  Individualism  Activity and work  Efficiency and practicality  Science and technology  Progress  Material comfort  Humanitarianism  Freedom  Democracy  Equality  Racism and group superiority  Education  Religiosity  Romantic love Values and culture  Culture wars: when values clash  Value as blinders  “Ideal” vs. “Real” culture We came into this life…  Without, well, clothes  Without language  Without values  Without morality  Without ideas about o Money o Love o Hate o War o Peace o Habits o Knowledge o Prejudice That is…  Our ides  Our behavior  Our thoughts  Our world  Becomes the taken-for-granted right way the world is Cultural relativism  There is nothing ‘Natural’ about material culture o Arabs wear gowns on the street and feel it is natural to do so  There is nothing ‘Natural’ about nonmaterial culture o It is just as arbitrary to stand quietly in line as it is to push and shove  Culture penetrates deep into our thinking, becoming a taken-for- granted lens  Culture provides a ‘moral imperative’  Provides a fundamental basis for our decision making Getting to know Us…  To know a culture, you must be an insider and to understand it you must be an outsider.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.