The Farmer is the Man and Strangej Fruit - Week 4
The Farmer is the Man and Strangej Fruit - Week 4 32763
Popular in History 1051
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asia Caldwell on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 32763 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Prokopowicz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see History 1051 in History at East Carolina University.
Reviews for The Farmer is the Man and Strangej Fruit - Week 4
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/04/16
Monday, February 1, 2016 The Farmer is the Man By 1900s we see a different world o Do good and you rise up o Farmers are on the outside, people can now publish and write literature What will they use for money? o Gold or silver? o Paper money was valuable, only if you thought the government would work out o After war Greenback dollars are back 1873 Republicancontrolled Congress declared that silver could no longer be used for coins o Only gold o With silver no longer being used, debt ridden famers and laborers advocated currency inflation through the coinage of silver They argued that bankers and merchants had conspired to stop coining silver so as to ensure a nationwide scarcity of money Farmer’s Alliances o Grew significantly in size o The alliance had means of addressing the hardships created by chronic indebtedness, declining crop prices, and devastating droughts o They also publish journals. Farmers became distressed after losing their livestock and crops o In Colorado in 1890 Farm radicals joined with miners and railroad workers to form the third independent party o In Nebraska, farmers formed the People’s Independent party People’s party (Populist party) o They argue for inflation o Addressed the needs of small farmers, wage laborers, blacks and poor whites. o Fought against greedy banks and railroads, corporate monopolies, and corrupt politics o Called for more government intervention in the economy, if only government was capable of expanding the money supply, counterbalancing the power of big business, and providing efficient national transportations networks to support the needs of agribusiness. o In 1892, a gathering of Alliance leaders in St. Louis called for a national convention of the People’s Party It was held to adopt a platform and choose candidates. Delegates drafted a platform with a plan of unlimited coinage of silver, an income tax which would rise with personal income levels, and federal control of railroads James B. Weaver is candidate o Populists wanted: 8hour workday, rather 1012 hours Restrictions on immigration forbid land ownership by immigrants who weren’t citizens Secret ballad The Election of 1892 o James weaver did not get elected president, Grover Cleveland won o Populists did not get what they were hoping for o He lost little popularity of the farmers Depression (Panic) of 1893 o No one knew what caused it and no one knew what to do o Railroads collapsed, workers lost jobs, banks closed, businesses failed, and farm mortgages were foreclosed (farmers were tenants) o It was worse than before, Worst one until 1929 o By 1894, the nation’s economy had reached bottom o Unemployment hovered at 20 percent and hunger stalked the streets of many cities 1894 Jacob Coxey o Led unemployed men on march in Washington, DC Wanted to seek federal help for the panic There were now western states with large silver deposits and it escalated their demand for the “unlimited” coinage of silver o Silverites reshaped the political landscape o 16 oz. silver is equal 16 oz. of gold Election of 1896 o Republicans nominated William McKinley on a gold standard only platform o William Jennings Bryan “cross of gold” speech roused the delegates and secured him the party’s presidential nomination He was the first candidate to promote the welfare of the working and middle classes by providing subsidies for farmers, legalizing labor strikes, regulating railroads, taxing the rick, and breaking up financial and industrial monopolies o Winner: William McKinley Congress raised tariff (The Dingley Tariff of 1897) 1896 Congress pass the income tax law o It only affects people in middle class and upper middle class Wednesday, February 3, 2016 Strange Fruit L. Frank Balm wrote The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Farmers started losing their land and farms in the South o They responded by forming the third political party (populist) Photographs and paintings showed us what they wanted us to see at the time o Living conditions o Life of people By 1910 the South is racist o Segregation was a social norm Schools, housing, and public locations are segregated by race o Blacks were also squeezed out of political positions and kept from their right to vote Jim Crow was a typical character of black life o Uncle was a term used because blacks could not be called Mr. or Sir or Mrs. Ex. Uncle Remus He’s happy, dressed up, has glasses (probably knows how to read), free man The populist form a serious threat o They say they will form black and white farmers against them To restore power, The Democratic Party made The Mississippi Plan o It would eliminate black voting all together o Poll tax o Grandfather clause you didn’t have to be literate if your grandfather could vote back then (only for 8 years) o Literacy test There is a boom in education allowing more blacks and whites to be literate o Residency clause you have to live in a certain place for a specific amount of time o Property qualification you had to own property If things couldn’t stop voting amongst blacks, others killed and seized their land back Jim Crow Laws o Segregation spreads everywhere now more than before Plessy vs Ferguson Segregation is allowed long as it is equal Lynching became common o From 1890 to 1899, lynching in the USA averages 188 per year o Usually involved a black man being accused of a crime, often rape o It became a recreation and crowds of people would watch Mob Rule in North Carolina o The Wilmington Insurrection o November 10, 1898 some two thousand wellarmed white men and boys rampaged through the streets of Wilmington. o Destroyed the offices of the city’s blackowned newspaper, neighborhoods homes, and businesses Booker T. Washington argued that the way to survive this way of life is to deal with it and focus on education and economic improvement W.E.B. Dubois argued that African Americans should engage in political resistance and fight for education and voting rights Ida B. Wellsargued against lynching, armed self defense African Americans would suffer Strange Fruit war until WW2
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'