Arch 218 Week 5 Notes Baroque II
Arch 218 Week 5 Notes Baroque II ARCH 218-02
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bobbi Ellias on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 218-02 at California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo taught by Yip, Christopher L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see History of World Architecture: Middle Ages-18th Century in Architecture at California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
IV Lecture 9: Baroque II Study Questions: 1. What city outside Rome became a center for Baroque architecture? Compare the works of Guarini with those of Bernini and Borromini. 2. How did Baroque architecture change as it spread northwards? Compare Baroque architecture in Germany and Rome. 3. Consider variations in churches and chapels during and after the Counter Reformation in Italy, Germany, and Spain. What were some of the architectural reactions to the Reformation? protestant reformation provoked catholic reformation. architectural reaction: Jesuit order, and in spain-King Phillip. Counter Reformation at the heart of many of these developments Structures: 1. Name: Piazza Navona Architect: Bernini and Borromini Importance: site for theatre events; includes “fountain of four rivers”-bernini. area is to show wealth of wealthy families. make an area for city to use as theatrical center. 2. Architect: Guarino Guarini: monk who makes Turin a capital for baroque architecture. Spend time in Rome at height of baroque and lives in Paris afterwards. Well educated and well traveled. known for use of dramatic light and how it affects our emotions. 3. Name: San Lorenzo Location: Turin, Italy Architect: Guarini Importance: geometrically manipulated space. centralized plan. convex and concave curves. emphasis on religious faith as emotional experience. Complex ﬁrst ﬂoor and becomes more “regular” at higher levels. Piers supporting the dome are common and appear to be supported by arches. Dome= suggests inﬁnity created by space, form and light. Taller than typical renaissance dome. Natural lighting through dome. Incorporates parts of Gothic architecture in dome. 4. Name: Chapel of the Holy Shroud Location: Turin, Italy Architect: Guarini Guarini Importance: Constructed to use Shroud of Turin. General plan was set before Guarini took over the project. Emphasis on groups of 3. Lower levels are done in dark shades of stone. Layers of arches with windows to construct giant dome (create illusion of inﬁnity). Golden light at top to represent God up in inﬁnity (dark on ﬂoor to gold in ceiling). 5. Name: Palazzo Carignano Location: Turin, Italy Architect: Guarini Importance: brings baroque facade to residential architecture. Takes imaginative approach to baroque architecture. Monumental curving staircases. Windows of landings shed light in the same way as light appears at top of Chapel of Holy Shroud. 6. Name: Benedictine Abbey Location: Weltenburg, Germany (after baroque moves through europe and develops as more playful and lighthearted style, while keeping ideas from original baroque style) Architect: Cosmas D. Asam and Egid Q. Asam Importance: Abbey church is dedicated to St. George, whose statue is backlit by light from the chapel. Strong inﬂuence of Bernini’s multimedia works. Bernini= dramatic, movie like, images. Overall feeling is lighter and more playful. 7. Name: Bishop’s Palace Location: Wurzburg, Germany Architect: Johann Balthazar Neumann Importance: Neumann designs this palace for prince bishop of Wurzburg to demonstrate absolutist status of ruler. The basic plan is derived From French palaces, notably versailles at the time of the residences of the most powerful and glorious rulers. Wurzburg, is a minor state with little international power. Incredible stairwell with illusionistic ceiling paintings. Includes Chapel that is a series of ovals. Decorative elements (pinks, golds, blues), less interest in orthodox classical motifs and more emphasis on surfaces-most of surfaces are painted plaster. Dramatic and playful painting styles. Looks theatrical. REEF Question: main points about certain architects Palladio- natural light Guarini: overlapping ovals Brunelleschi: clarity; see arches and columns clearly Span: Renaissance and Baroque on Iberian Peninsula 1. Name: El. Escorial Location: Madrid, Spain Architect: Judan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de herrera Importance: built for Phillip II, devout Catholic, in years after council of Trent. Complex was intended to contain a palace, monastery, mausoleum, school, library and church. maybe inspired by temple of solomon. Type of order= renaissance. Grid-like. Organized and symmetric. Church is at center. Exterior: straightforward and plain. Giant library= emphasis on learning and focus on learning during counter reformation. RoyalApartments allows view of church from bedroom and emphasize like between Phillip and his faith. Emphasis on glory of God, not ruler. Most elaborate part is the alter in the church. This sets style for mexican churches and spanish style churches for future (red and gold elaborate colors) 2. The Churrigueresque Style: Name: Hospice of San Fernando Location: Madrid, Spain Architect: Pedro de Ribera Importance: Distinctive spanish developments. Outer appearance: Ornate architecture- plain building with one focal point. Interior: ornamentation so decorative and elaborate that you cannot even see walls or classical elements.
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