mcy 124 Evolution of Jazz NOTES 7 Lectures
mcy 124 Evolution of Jazz NOTES 7 Lectures MCY 124
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Souaid on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MCY 124 at University of Miami taught by Charles Bergeron in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see The Evolution of Jazz in Musicology at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Evolution of Jazz Tues. 2 Feb Video: James Reese Europe “The Hellfighters” Lit. Reese takes “ragtime” to Europe for the first time ever “Negro music, but American music” First black to play in Carnegie Hall Trumpet vs. Cornet Cornet: fast and rough (“King” Oliver) Trumpet: complicated and mellow Manuel Perez: classically trained//Creole of color “King” Oliver played in Perez’s ensemble Cotton Club: New York Evolution of Jazz Thurs. 4 Feb 1920’s venues change from brothels to “speakeasies” (drinking and gambling during prohibition) ensemble changes from 1 person playing ragtime piano in 1912 to numerous people playing together in the 1920’s prominent entertainment: dancing James P. Johnson Black Piano Player/Composer First black to write for Broadway stage wrote “The Charleston”; the song of the 1920’s Louis Armstrong King Oliver does 3 things for Armstrong 1. Helps him get his first job on riverboat playing for Kid Ory 2. Summoned Armstrong to move to Chicago in 1919 and adds him to band 3. Ultimately encourages Armstrong to go solo (Louis Armstrong and Hot 5) Louis Armstrong and Hot 5 (mid 1920’s) 1. Kid Ory (Past Boss): Trombone 2. Johnny St. Cry: Banjo 3. Johnny Dodds: Clarinet 4. Louis Armstrong: Trumpet 5. Lil Hardin (female): Piano “Gut Bucket Blues” song where Louis Armstrong introduces the Hot 5 Armstrong then adds two more members to band becoming Hot 7 1. Bill Johnson: Bass 2. Johnny Dodds’ little brother “Baby Dodds”: Drums San Francisco newspaper first publishes the name “Jazz” Unlike Jack Johnson (heavy weight champion), Armstrong was humble Armstrong connected with audience and was recognized around the world after performing in Europe Louis Armstrong’s contributions to the Art form (most important musician) Jazz music’s first virtuoso He separates improvisation from melody, prioritizes improvisation. His creativity makes improv a higher priority, no longer the melody Jazz is only form of music where improve is priority He creates vocabulary of Jazz music Creates “scat sing” and records scat singing in 1928 for a record Socially, aside from musically, he was America’s first cultural Ambassador Invited to perform in Europe; same stages as classical artists, operas, symphonies Jazz becomes respected Armstrong takes a 2minute part as playing “Gabriel” in a musical movie first black on screen Armstrong’s solo on trumpet: “West End Blues” (scat song)
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