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mcy 124 Evolution of Jazz NOTES 7 Lectures

by: Bailey Souaid

mcy 124 Evolution of Jazz NOTES 7 Lectures MCY 124

Marketplace > University of Miami > Musicology > MCY 124 > mcy 124 Evolution of Jazz NOTES 7 Lectures
Bailey Souaid

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mcy 124 Evolution of Jazz NOTES 7 Lectures
The Evolution of Jazz
Charles Bergeron
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Souaid on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MCY 124 at University of Miami taught by Charles Bergeron in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see The Evolution of Jazz in Musicology at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 02/04/16
Evolution of Jazz   Tues. 2 Feb Video: James Reese Europe “The Hellfighters”  ­Lit. Reese takes “ragtime” to Europe for the first time ever  ­“Negro music, but American music” ­First black to play in Carnegie Hall  Trumpet vs. Cornet  Cornet: fast and rough (“King” Oliver)  Trumpet: complicated and mellow  Manuel Perez: classically trained//Creole of color  “King” Oliver played in Perez’s ensemble  Cotton Club: New York  Evolution of Jazz   Thurs. 4 Feb 1920’s  ­ venues change from brothels to “speakeasies” (drinking and gambling during prohibition) ­ ensemble changes from 1 person playing ragtime piano in 1912 to numerous people  playing together in the 1920’s ­ prominent entertainment: dancing  ­ James P. Johnson ­Black  ­Piano Player/Composer  ­First black to write for Broadway stage  ­wrote “The Charleston”; the song of the 1920’s  Louis Armstrong  ­ King Oliver does 3 things for Armstrong 1. Helps him get his first job on riverboat playing for Kid Ory   2. Summoned Armstrong to move to Chicago in 1919 and adds him to band  3. Ultimately encourages Armstrong to go solo (Louis Armstrong and Hot 5)  ­ Louis Armstrong and Hot 5 (mid­ 1920’s)  1. Kid Ory (Past Boss): Trombone  2. Johnny St. Cry: Banjo  3. Johnny Dodds: Clarinet  4. Louis Armstrong: Trumpet  5. Lil Hardin (female): Piano  ­ “Gut Bucket Blues” song where Louis Armstrong introduces the Hot 5  ­ Armstrong then adds two more members to band becoming Hot 7  1. Bill Johnson: Bass  2. Johnny Dodds’ little brother “Baby Dodds”: Drums  ­ San Francisco newspaper first publishes the name “Jazz”  ­ Unlike Jack Johnson (heavy weight champion), Armstrong was humble  ­ Armstrong connected with audience and was recognized around the world after  performing in Europe  Louis Armstrong’s contributions to the Art form (most important musician)  ­ Jazz music’s first virtuoso  ­ He separates improvisation from melody, prioritizes improvisation. ­His creativity makes improv a higher priority, no longer the melody  ­Jazz is only form of music where improve is priority  ­ He creates vocabulary of Jazz music  ­ Creates “scat sing” and records scat singing in 1928 for a record   ­ Socially, aside from musically, he was America’s first cultural Ambassador ­Invited to perform in Europe; same stages as classical artists, operas, symphonies ­Jazz becomes respected  ­ Armstrong takes a 2­minute part as playing “Gabriel” in a musical movie  ­first black on screen  ­ Armstrong’s solo on trumpet: “West End Blues” (scat song) 


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