Understanding Architecture 10001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Henwood on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10001 at Kent State University taught by David Hughes (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 147 views. For similar materials see UNDERSTANDING ARCHITECTURE in Architecture at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Tuesday The Renaissance 1400's Decide that architects need to be trained to have a full education People like Michelangelo had art training so they had knowledge already Architects went from practicing craft to a learned discipline Started to study ancient architecture o From the Greeks and Romans Started to write about Roman and Greek architecture o So everybody could understand what architecture was about 1700-1800's No American architecture yet o No colleges or training for it yet Thomas Jefferson o Questioned what buildings in the capital should look like o Should not look religious because the US was built on the separation of church and state o Did not want Christian architecture o Went back to Greek and Roman architecture Greek architecture is still standing, it is powerful Built of stone and granite to be made permanent o Combined Greek and Roman together Capital Building Columns are Greek Dome on top is Roman Ecole Des Beaux Arts o First prominent architect school o In Paris o Richard Morris Hunt & Benjamin Henry Latrouve First students of this school Helped in building of capital Many flunked out due to its difficulty MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) o First architectural school in the United States Most architects want to shape society to how it should be o Architecture is constantly pushing limits and trying to make a better world o They may be wrong in what they do but they are constantly trying o Have to continually move forward Environment Not just about sustainable design Have to follow zoning laws and districts o Residential districts o School districts Have to think and care about to land you are building on Not only does the building effect the environment but the environment effects the building o Factor in snow, rain, hail, wind, natural disasters (earthquakes, tornados, etc.) o Materials expanding and contracting from wind o If rain gets inside cracks and freezes it can crack the building (Ex. Brick) Use sustainable materials o Deforestation, keeping rainforests Thursday An architect know something about everything. An engineer know everything about one thing. Key Terms Floor plan o Cut about 3 ft above the floor looking straight down on it o Horizontal view Reflected Ceiling plan o Looking straight up at the ceiling (lights, sprinkler systems, etc.) o Horizontal view Building elevation o If you look directly at the front of the building o No perspective just a straight on view o Vertical view o Can be very detailed or schematic Every architectural drawing is based on these 3 things o Plan o Elevation o Section Cut the building in half and that is what you see See the inside of the building Can have sections or an entire building Context o In architecture is what the building looks like in vicinity to the other buildings surrounding o Short or tall, office buildings or houses Vernacular o Architecture is different based on where you are o Different in Greece and America Façade o The image of the building o The front façade can be different from the back Construction documents o Blueprints are a type of construction documents o It is a legal document o Usually dozens of drawings o Get a bid from the drawings See how much it will cost to build the building o Come in two parts Drawings Show size, shape, adjacency, materials in general Specifications Very specific What materials are used, where the materials are needed, quality control, how to clean up, every specification about the building Ex. wood trim that is white oak with a smooth finish Usually in a very thick book Western Architecture Egypt, Greece and Rome Egypt o Say the first architecture are the pyramids of Giza o Have to understand them to understand the architecture o Believed the gods brought them water, the river, The Nile o Nile has 3 seasons Inundation- rainy season Emergence plants all grow Drought- dry season o Dominated by the river and the sun River runs north and south Sun goes east and west o Say that the pyramids are build directly in line with the north star o Conservative and resistant to change o Believed the pharaoh was the direct link to the gods, when the pharaoh dies he becomes a god o Started building temples, possibly the invention of the column Columns were in the shape of people, usually pharaohs o Didn’t change things because it worked for them, wasn’t broken don’t fix it Compass Points The cardinal points of the compass offer associations of meaning that can enhance architectural experiences East: youthfulness, innocence, freshness, birth, life, beginning of a new day, alter of church South: activity (because of the sun), clarity, simplicity, sun West: aging, questioning (what is right), wisdom, end of a day, devil, usually enter church North: maturity, acceptance, death
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