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FMST 101 Chapter 1: The Changing Family Notes

by: Angela Potter

FMST 101 Chapter 1: The Changing Family Notes FMST 101

Marketplace > Towson University > Child and Family Studies > FMST 101 > FMST 101 Chapter 1 The Changing Family Notes
Angela Potter
GPA 3.69

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These notes cover the material in Chapter 1: The changing Family
Introduction to Family Studies
Class Notes
Family Studies
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Potter on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FMST 101 at Towson University taught by Quach in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Family Studies in Child and Family Studies at Towson University.

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Date Created: 02/04/16
FMST 101 Chapter 1: The Changing Family ▯ What Is a Family? • Changes in the family reflect adaptations to larger societal transformations • The meaning of family changes over time and contexts and cultures • Some individuals include fictive kin who are accepted as part of the family but have no blood ties • Recent rise in single parenthood means that fictive kin become more important in overall view of the family For this class, a family is an intimate group of two or more people who - Live together in a committed relationship - Care for one another and any children - Share activities and close emotional ties ▯ Regulation of Sexual Activity • Family provides norms for sexual activity • Families also prevent doubts about the legitimacy of children and property rights in some cultures ▯ Procreation and Socialization • Procreation is an essential function because it ensures continuation of society • The family unit proves the place for socialization, where children learn cultural rules and customs ▯ Economic Security • Families provide for their own physical survival and financial security and stability • It is becoming imperative that both parents work full-time jobs to support their family ▯ Emotional Support • Emotional support is one of the most important aspects of family • Cooley proposed that family is the main primary group in every society ▯ Social Class Placement • A social class is a category of people who have a similar stand or rank in society • We are born into a specific social class based on parents’ income, education, job, attitudes, and values ▯ What Is Marriage? Marriage is: • A socially approved mating relationship • An expectation of stability and long term Ceremonial marriage: • Couples follow procedures specified by the state or other jurisdiction • Marriage is akin to a legal contract Common-law marriages: • People establish a relationship and consider themselves husband and wife but.. • they have never performed a ceremony to solidify their commitment • General requirements: • Couple must live together • They must present themselves as husband and wife • They can have no future plans to marry they consider themselves married already ▯ Endogamy and Exogamy • Endogamy requires people to marry or have sexual relations within they racial or ethnic groups or clans or tribes • Exogamy permits marriage outside of one’s own group ▯ Where Do Families Live? • In a patrilocal residential pattern, the newly married couple lives with the husbands family • In a matrilocal residential pattern, the couple lives with the wives family. • In a neolocal residential pattern, the couples sets up its own household • Often residential patterns reflect who has authority in the family ▯ Three Opposing Views RE: Families The family is deteriorating: • Divorce, economic decline, and the decreases of two-parent intact families have hurt the institution of family. The family is changing: • Proponents believe that families are indeed changing but via to • a new economic environment where both parents are full time workers • more gender neutral roles ▯ The family is stronger than ever: • This views the family as more loving than previous periods • Increased support believed to lead to increased life expectancy • Because people are living longer, more generations are getting to know one another and becoming stronger family units ▯ Why Are Families Changing? Micro-Level Influences: • Decisions made by family members can affect everyone in the family unit. Macro-Level Influences: • Economic Forces • Manufacturers moved their factories overseas to save money • Unemployment rates went up, especially for low-skilled jobs • Technological Innovations • We live longer. Medical Technology allows us to live full lives, however, poverty becomes an issue for many elderly • Social media have helped and hurt our familial connections with each other and outside resources • Mass media has very large influence • Social Movements • Civil Rights • GLBT • Marriage


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