FMST 101 Chapter 3: The Family in Historical Perspective
FMST 101 Chapter 3: The Family in Historical Perspective FMST 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Potter on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FMST 101 at Towson University taught by Quach in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Family Studies in Child and Family Studies at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
FMST 101 Chapter 3: The Family in Historical Perspective ▯ ▯ The Early Family▯ ▪ Members worked together to provide what they needed ▪ The family provided schooling for children and a vocational institution ▪ The family was the center of spiritual, emotional, and psychological development and support ▯ Husbands and Wives ▪ Strong relationships but: ▪ Women subordinate to men Men expected to look after economic well-being of the family and women were to provide a supporting role. • Few courts permitted divorce at the time, but for someone to get a divorce the charge had to be: • Adultery • Bigamy • Desertion • Impotence ▯ Children’s Lives ▪ Children’s lives were dominated by the concepts of repression, religion, and respect. ▪ The entire community worked together to keep children in their place. ▪ Children were expected to be extraordinarily well behaved, obedient, and docile ▯ Industrialization ▪ Industrialization created a cult of domesticity ▪ Glorification of women’s domestic roles in order to compensate for their inability to earn income. ▪ Household duties reframed as means for women to develop their strengths and abilities ▯ Impact of Industrialization on Families & Children Families • Urbanization and technological advances created a new type of family: the companionate household • Companionate families were built on sexual attraction, compatibility, and personal happiness • Hdependent on each other for company and a sense of belongingbecame Children • Fathers began to lose control over the lives of their children • Biggest change was families viewed childhood as a distinct developmental period. • Children not seen as “miniature adults” ▯ Effects of Historical Events & Social/Cultural Eras on Families The Great Depression • Men left their families to search for work • Oftentimes this involved traveling hundreds of miles and not seeing their family for months • The rest of the family subsisted on little to no resources • Many young women moved to cities to support their families • More likely to be hired in factories and paid low wages World War II • Major changes in family structure and functions • For the first time, millions of women went to work to fill in for jobs that men had to leave behind to fight in the war • Working women were portrayed in very positive roles • Divorce rates increased after war ended • Women established economic independence and terminated unhappy marriages. The Baby Boomers • Family plans that had been disrupted by the war were renewed and families were encouraged to have large families • There was also a rush to move to the suburbs and live away from central cities • Home ownership grew and construction of new homes skyrocketed ▯ Effects of Historical Events & Social/Cultural Eras on Families ▪ Effects of WWII on Social Issues ▪ Severe racism, child abuse, and domestic violence were widespread but not acknowledged ▪ Racism ▪ A general sentiment of suspicion and fear regarding people who were not Caucasian ▪ Child Abuse and Domestic Violence ▪ Men returning home from the war suffered from PTSD ▪ Men had a harder time acclimating back to civilian life ▪ Women were not as willing to remain in a submissive role ▪ Created conflict when husbands wanted to regain control of the household ▪ Children suffered the consequences of marital stress and conflict Open homosexuality was taboo ▪ ▪ Overall societal need to maintain a sense of power and dominance in your thoughts and actions ▪ Homosexuality was seen as being feminine and therefore weak and unhealthy ▪ Many people——including the “happy” housewives—tried to escape their unhappy existences through alcohol and drugs. ▯ Families Since the 1960s ▪ In the 1970s, families had lower birth rates and higher divorce rates compared with the 50s. ▪ Families experienced more stressed related to time constraints and role strain ▯ The 21 Century ▪ One of the biggest impact on families is the weakened economy ▪ Many retirees returning to work because retirement portfolios shrank by at least 50% ▪ Health care costs skyrocketing ▪ Individuals do not have access to preventive health care and lifespan health care
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