Criminology Chapter 3
Criminology Chapter 3 3600
Popular in Criminology
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Hardison on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3600 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Andrew Fisher in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.
Reviews for Criminology Chapter 3
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/04/16
Criminology Chapter 3: The Victim’s Role Victimology o Definition: the study of the victims role in criminal events o Victimologists Criminologists who focus on victims of crime Economic Loss o System Cost 450 billion spent a year Incurred by government Lost wages, pain, suffering, reduced quality of life o Individual Cost 8 million spent on murder Earn 82k less than nonvictims Costs to Victim o Blaming Victim What could they have done differently? o Long Term Stress PTSD Adolescent stress Difficult to develop social behaviors Relationship stress Can you trust anyone? Even your partner? Fear Antisocial behavior Cycle of violence o You were abused when you were growing up, leads to later problems in life, then you abuse your kids… it’s a cycle Nature of Victimization o Victim Social Ecology Public place Daytime/early evening 2/3 sexual assaults are at night City vs. suburb Schools 80,000 crimes/year Households Declining victimization o Characteristics Gender More male victims than female 2/3 female victims knew their offender Age Teens and young adults make up majority of victims Elderly are targets of fraud Social status Poor are of greater risk to Part I and II crimes (violent, property, and sex/drug offenses) Homeless are of greater risk to assault Wealthy are of greater risk to personal theft Race Intraracial o More African Americans are victims than Caucasian o A race commits a crime toward the same race o Repeat Victimization Target vulnerability Weakness leads to being an easy target Target gratifiability When a victim is “attractive” to a criminal Target antagonism A quality that arouses a criminal Theories of Victimization o Victim Precipitation Theory Active precipitation: aggressive behavior of a victim results in victimization Passive precipitation: personal or social characteristics make them an attractive target Victim impusitivity: impulsiveness leads to victimization o Lifestyle Theory Highrisk lifestyle College lifestyle Living on campus, Greek life, etc. Criminal lifestyle Criminals are at high risk of being a victim o Deviant Place Theory Victimization is primarily related to where people are located “wrong place, wrong time” “honor code” Ex: You’re a Caucasian male in a poor, mainly African American suburb and there is a “code” about a Caucasian man being there after 6 PM… they feel as if they HAVE to assault you o Routine Activities Theory Suitable targets Something of value Capable guardians Motivated offenders Without a capable guardian, motivated offenders find suitable targets… Caring for the Victim o VictimWitness Assistance Programs (VWAP) Victim compensation Paying what’s due (medical bills, counseling, funeral, etc.) Victim advocates Counselors, coping, etc. Victim impact statements Public education Educate the public about rights as victims Crisis intervention Repairs after breakins, safety inspections, etc. Victimoffender reconciliation program Victim notification Knowing the change in your offender’s status Legal protection for victims o Victim Bill of Rights To be notified of proceedings and the status of the defendant To be present at criminal justice proceedings To make statements at sentencing and receive restitution To be consulted before a case is dismissed To a speedy trial To keep contact information confidential o Self Protection Fighting back Using firearms Offender registration
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'